Biosociology: An Emerging Paradigm

By Anthony Walsh | Go to book overview

endocrinologist Paul Pearsall ( 1987) believes that the more brain-lateralized male tends to be more "self-oriented," while the more integrated female brain tends to be more "other" and "us oriented." He goes on to write that the "whole brain orientation is more in tune with the principles of healthy living in our world and for our world" ( 1987:33). 7 From a sociological point of view, Miller ( 1984:1) sees male development of self as entailing a process of separating, of becoming "one's own man," and the female process as more "encompassing," and "closer to the elementary necessities from which our dominant culture has become unnecessarily removed" ( 1984:5). Whether we work from a biological or a sociological position, we arrive at the same conclusion: Females are generally more affiliative, nurturing, empathetic, and altruistic than males; and males are generally more prone to anger, dominance, and aggression. The qualifier "generally" emphasizes that we are talking about trait distributions with mean values differing by sex but which also contain significant overlap, more so on some traits than on others. I do not wish to create caricatures of "Man, the beastly destroyer" and "Woman, the loving creator." There are certainly many sensitive, caring, and pacifist men and many insensitive, uncaring, and aggressive women.


CONCLUSION

As emphasized in previous chapters, human beings and their social organizations are not determined by biological fiat. We saw that genes are units of potential that are differentially expressed or repressed in different environments and that our brains are, in a very real sense, "programmed" by our environments and how we react to them (although our genes bias our reactions in one direction or the other). It is not farfetched to say, then, that our genes and brains are in some meaningful sense environmentally "determined." If this is true of genes and brains, it is even more true of the physiological foundations of emotional behavior. Emotional expression is a function of environmental events, our expectations related to those events derived from experiencing similar events, and the neurohormonal propensities individuals bring with them to the situation. Although I have emphasized the reductionist side of the hormone-environment relationship, perhaps in no other area is the biological and social mix more intertwined than in the area of emotion.


NOTES
1.
Barkow's position is an echo of Desiderius Erasmus posited in his famous book, The Praise of Folly, published in 1511. Erasmus posited the notion that the human race owes its existence to folly, the definition of which included emotions, impulses, and instincts. Note the agreement with Barkow in Will Durant ( 1957:277) account of Erasmus's book: "The whole human race . . . owes its existence to folly, for what is so absurd as the male's polymorphous pursuit of the female, his feverish idealization

-90-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Biosociology: An Emerging Paradigm
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables and Figures vii
  • Foreword ix
  • Preface xiii
  • Note xv
  • Chapter 1 the Case for Biosociology 1
  • Notes 16
  • Chapter 2 Genetics and Human Behavior 19
  • Notes 41
  • Chapter 3 the Brain and Its Environment 43
  • Notes 66
  • Chapter 4 Emotion and the Autonomic and Endocrine Systems 69
  • Notes 90
  • Chapter 5 Intelligence and Society 93
  • Notes 117
  • Notes 120
  • Chapter 6 Sexual Dimorphism and Sex-Role Behavior 121
  • Notes 142
  • Notes 144
  • Chapter 7 Human Sexuality and Evolution 145
  • Notes 170
  • Chapter 8 the Nature and Nurture of Criminality 173
  • Notes 197
  • Chapter 9 Love, Marriage, and the Family 201
  • Notes 224
  • References 227
  • Name Index 259
  • Subject Index 269
  • About the Author 273
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 276

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.