Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American War

By Donald H. Dyal; Brian B. Carpenter et al. | Go to book overview

P

PAREDES, JOSÉ DE

Spanish captain of the Cristóbal Colón,* José de Paredes came under some criticism by Americans because of a significant technicality. At about 11:00 A.M. on 3 July 1898, the remnants of Admiral Pascual Cervera's* fleet, Colón and Vizcaya,* were fleeing westward to Cienfuegos.*Vizcaya received the concentrated fire of four American battleships and the cruiser Brooklyn.* At 11:15, afire, Vizcaya turned toward the beach and drifted onto a reef.

Colón did not have its long-range 10-inch gun mounted and so could not effectively reply. Although newer and somewhat faster than the American ships, Colón had shipped low-grade coal at Santiago* and her speed diminished. As Oregon* found her range, Paredes fired a gun and then surrendered at about 1:15 P.M. However, instead of coming to, Paredes turned into shore and beached his vessel at a high rate of speed. Then, as if prearranged, he opened the valves to sink Colón. Admiral William T. Sampson* wanted Paredes brought before a board of investigation for this evident breach of the laws of war. Paredes claimed that the battle lost, he steamed onto the beach and then surrendered. Texas,* Brooklyn, and other U.S. ships saw it differently.

REFERENCE: French Ensor Chadwick, The Relations of the United States and Spain ( New York: Russell & Russell, 1968).


PARTIDO REVOLUCIONARIO CUBANO.

See CUBAN REVOLUTIONARY PARTY.


PASIG RIVER, PHILIPPINES

The Pasig River flows generally northwest from Laguna de Bay through Manila into Manila Bay.* Because the river divides this isthmus north and south, it became an important tactical consideration in the Battle of Manila.* The Old City of Manila was on the south bank, and suburbs stretched from both sides.

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Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Chronology of the Spanish American War xi
  • A 1
  • B 31
  • C 53
  • D 98
  • E 116
  • F 126
  • G 136
  • H 150
  • I 165
  • J 174
  • K 176
  • L 183
  • M 194
  • N 231
  • O 242
  • P 252
  • Q 272
  • R 273
  • S 286
  • T 316
  • U 331
  • V 334
  • W 341
  • Y 355
  • Z 360
  • Bibliographical Essay 363
  • Index 365
  • About the Editor and Contributors 377
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