Liberalism and Social Reform: Industrial Growth and Progressiste Politics in France, 1880-1914

By David M. Gordon | Go to book overview

from the occasional bombings of the homes of nonstriking workers. Two infantry battalions, two squadrons of dragoons, mounted police, and Sûreté agents patrolled the streets and guarded the factories. 108 Management, supported by a yellow union, remained implacable. The union finally surrendered in August. Most workers were allowed to return to work, but strike organizers were forced out of town.

Members of the Maison du peuple, the local meeting hall of union and socialist organizations, called the strike a valiant effort, as have some modern historians. 109 In fact, it was a frankly reactionary attempt by desperate artisans to preserve traditional methods in industries that were being forced to modernize or die. Like the 1906 strike at Firminy, which left the metal union broken there, the 1911 strike had overtaxed the financial resources of labor. The weakness of the artisanal union movement contributed to the decline of revolutionary syndicalism at Le Chambon, and it was paralleled by a similar decline of the CGT elsewhere in France. 110 By then, too, Progressiste fortunes had been restored, not only at Le Chambon, but also at the birthplace of Loire industry, Rive-de-Gier, with the election of a new Progressiste industrial champion, Antoine Arbel. 111


NOTES
1.
Maxime Perrin, Saint Etienne et sa région économique: un type de la vie industrielle en France (Tours, 1937), p. 92; Etienne Fournial, Saint Etienne: Histoire de la ville et de ses habitants (St. Etienne, 1976), pp. 219-220.
2.
St. Etienne Chambre de Commerce, La Loire industrielle (St. Etienne, 1897), p. 170; Bertrand Gille, La Sidérurgie française au XIXième siècle ( Geneva, Switzerland, 1968), pp. 82-83.
3.
Gille, p. 83.
4.
Perrin, pp. 222-223.
5.
Louis J. Gras, Histoire èconomique de la mètallurgie de la Loire: Suivie d'une notice sur la construction mècanique et l'industrie des cycles et automobiles dans la règion stèphanoise (St. Etienne, 1908), p. 221.
6.
St. Etienne, La Loire industrielle, p. 138; Gras, p. 230.
7.
Jean Cottier, Le Chambon-Feugerolles et son histoire (Firminy, 1987), p. 142.
8.
Histoire des acièries de Firminy (Firminy, 1953), n. p.
9.
Fournial, pp. 221-222; Jacques Schnetzler, Les Industries et les hommes dans la règion stèphanoise: Etude de gèographie humaine (St. Etienne, 1975), p. 94.
10.
Fournial, p. 211.
11.
The population of Terrenoire fell from 7,000 to 4,000 in the same period. See Perrin, p. 226; Fournial, p. 209.
12.
Jean-Marie Moine, Les Barons de fer. Les maîtres de forges en Lorraine ( Nancy, 1989), pp. 61, 74.
13.
Schnetzler, p. 94.
14.
Perrin, p. 233; Yves Lequin, Les Ouvriers de la région lyonnaise, 1848-1914: Les intérêts de classe et la république, Vol. 2, (Lyon, 1977), p. 99.

-109-

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Liberalism and Social Reform: Industrial Growth and Progressiste Politics in France, 1880-1914
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 27
  • 1 - Industrial Growth and Socialist Success at Roubaix 31
  • Notes 50
  • 2 - Eugène Motte and the Bourgeois Political Resurgence 55
  • Notes 78
  • 3 - Georges Claudinon and the Industrial Revival at Le Chambon-Feugerolles 83
  • Notes 109
  • 4 - Industrial Crisis and Progressiste Success at Rive-De-Gier 115
  • Notes 135
  • 5 - François De Wendel and Progressiste Politics in Industrial Lorraine 141
  • Notes 164
  • Conclusion 171
  • Notes 191
  • Appendix 195
  • Bibliography 209
  • Index 217
  • About the Author 227
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