Atlantic Security vs. Arms Control: A New European Imbalance?
NATO will have to learn to live with a lower order of both deterrence and defense in Europe in the post-INF treaty era than that to which it has become accustomed. The alliance has painted itself into a corner, and the paint will not dry.
Jeffrey Record and David B. Rivkin, Jr.
Until very recently, it was widely assumed that agreements on arms control and disarmament and the security of the Atlantic Alliance were, if not precisely synonymous, at least broadly compatible. 1 In the last few years, however, developments in East-West relations generally and in arms-control and disarmament matters in particular have brought into question the assumption that mutual reductions in the number of nuclear weapons systems would be beneficial for NATO and European security. The arms-control sector has been further complicated by the prospect of new technologies--especially those associated with the possibility of space-based strategic defense systems--whose operational effectiveness remains in serious doubt but whose implications for continuity in key doctrines of deterrence strategy could be enormous.
Western planning has long had to include both the elements of a viable defense policy and the political and economic aspects of domestic consensus. The public in NATO countries clearly wants both security