in fact help stabilize the situation in Europe. Yet there is enough evidence of new thinking and fresh insights in Moscow on arms control in general to justify the belief that an effort is being made to change policies.
In the final analysis, attitudes on arms control reflect the realities of the contemporary international situation, and there is no doubt that arms-control agreements play a significant catalytic role in redefining the superpower relationship and assisting the process of change in the international environment. But there will always be difficulties. The technological condition of the arms race has acquired an inherent dynamic that more often than not has overcome attempts at arms control. Technology does not retreat in the face of negotiation; at best, it only marks time. The principal adversaries are reduced to a leapfrogging approach, and even though Gorbachev seems set to put an end to this drain on resources, it is doubtful that he will succeed. That could be done only if the present state of East-West relations were to be transformed into a partnership of trust and cooperation, but this would necessitate a degree of ideological coexistence and a weakening of the military-industrial complexes, which neither side seems prepared to countenance.