lated by Hopkins in May--the elimination of federal relief. An added benefit was that the plan could be implemented without immediate congressional action simply by transferring funds from the PWA.
In late October Williams prevailed on a somewhat skeptical Hopkins to propose the plan to Roosevelt. A rather sketchy outline of a program employing 4 million workers was prepared during a trip to the Midwest; Hopkins returned to Washington and presented it to Roosevelt on October 29. To the FERA administrator's apparent shock, FDR immediately accepted the plan and agreed to finance it with public works funds. ( Hopkins later told a biographer that he left the meeting with Roosevelt "walking on air.") 101 The result was the CWA, one of the most radical and dramatic public policy experiments of the New Deal era.