Press Freedom and Global Politics

By Douglas A. Van Belle | Go to book overview

5
Press Freedom and Lethal International Conflicts

The analyses in Chapter 4 demonstrated that shared press freedom appears to prevent wars. This could be seen in the simple analyses of the percentage of wars and the percentage of uses of force free press and democratic states directed at different regime types. Further, press freedom is clearly associated with reduced propensities to engage in international conflicts. This is made clear in the more sophisticated analysis of regime type and involvement in militarized disputes. The latter analysis also demonstrated that the pacifying impact of press freedom is not a result of any of the other factors that have been hypothesized as contributing to the peace between liberal political regimes, including democratic institutions.

Despite the strength of the results and the value of the statistical controls on other factors generated by the more complex analysis, it may be the simpler analyses in Chapter 4 that provide the impetus for what may be a valuable refinement of theory. There are still several militarized disputes between free press countries and democracies that appear to be quite willing to use force short of war against other democracies. Senese ( 1997) found that dyads where both states are democratic escalated militarized disputes to the use of force just as often as other dyads. Though democracy appears to reduce overall participation in militarized disputes and it does seem to prevent war, its role in the process of escalation is unclear. Similarly, the degree to which free press states will escalate their

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Press Freedom and Global Politics
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations vii
  • Preface ix
  • 1 - Press Freedom and Global Politics 1
  • Notes 8
  • 2 - Rational Foreign Policy Choice 9
  • Notes 24
  • 3 - The Press and Foreign Policy 25
  • Notes 44
  • 4 - Press Freedom and Militarized Disputes 47
  • Notes 73
  • 5 - Press Freedom and Lethal International Conflicts 77
  • Notes 93
  • 6 - A Monadic Effect for Press Freedom in Lethal International Conflicts 95
  • Notes 103
  • 7 - Press Freedom and Cooperation 105
  • Notes 127
  • 8 Conclusions 129
  • Appendix Measuring Global Press Freedom 137
  • Notes 148
  • Bibliography 149
  • Index 167
  • About the Author 171
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