The Environmental Crisis

By Miguel A. Santos; Randall M. Miller | Go to book overview

acknowledge these limits, and for society to accept the verdict, new sets of policies that would focus not only on how to make the economy grow beyond its carrying capacity but on how to progress within its ecological limits are required. If sustainable development meant progressing within ecological limits, then the anthroposystem seemed inevitable. But as several ecologists and environmentalists observed by the late 1990s, when a society reaches its carrying capacity, the distinction between self- sustainable system, anthroposystem, steady-state economy, and sustainable development, will be in degree rather than in kind.


NOTES
1.
Charles H. Southwick, Global Ecology in Human Perspective ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), 312.
2.
Robert C. Paehlke, "Environmental Values and Policy," in Norman J. Vig and Michael E. Kraft, eds., Environmental Policy in the 1990s ( Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1994), 354.
3.
Donnella Meadows et al., The Limits to Growth ( New York: Universe Books, 1972).
4.
World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987), 1.
6.
Miguel A. Santos, Ecology, Natural Resources, and Pollution ( London: Living Books, 1975), 52.
7.
Council on Environmental Quality, The Sixteenth Annual Report ( Washington, DC: Superintendent of Documents, 1985), 177.
8.
Edward A. Shevardnadze, Statement Before the Forty-Third Session of the U.N. General Assembly, post verbatim 6 (September 27) ( New York: United Nations, 1988), 76.
9.
William R. Catton Jr., "The World's Most Polymorphic Species," BioScience 37 ( 1987): 413-19.
10.
Lester R. Brown, "The Acceleration of History," in Lester R. Brown et al., eds., State of the World 1996 ( New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1996), 4.
11.
Miguel A. Santos, "Ecological Systems versus Human Systems: Which Should be Supreme?" Journal of Environmental Systems 4 ( 1974): 261.
12.
Lester R. Brown and Sandra Postel, "Thresholds of Change," in Lester R. Brown et al., eds., State of the World 1987 ( New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1987),4.
13.
Julian L. Simon, "Bright Global Future," The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 40 ( 1984): 15.
14.
World Resource Institute, World Resources 1994-95 ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), 107.

-153-

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The Environmental Crisis
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Other Titles in the Greenwood Press Guides to Historic Events of the Twentieth Century ii
  • Title Page iii
  • ADVISORY BOARD v
  • Contents vii
  • Series Foreword ix
  • Preface xiii
  • Chronology of Events xvi
  • Chronology of Events xvii
  • The Environmental Crisis Explained 1
  • Notes 24
  • 2 - The Concern for Our Vanishing Wilderness 25
  • 3 - Pollution and the Emergence of Environmentalism 57
  • Notes 86
  • 4 - The Environmental Concern for Overpopulation 89
  • Notes 127
  • 5 - The Concept of a Self-Sustainable System 129
  • Notes 153
  • Biographies: The Personalities Behind the Environmental Crisis 155
  • Notes 165
  • Primary Documents of the Environmental Crisis 167
  • Glossary of Selected Terms 225
  • Annotated Bibliography 235
  • Index 245
  • About the Author 251
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