humankind. Accordingly, bringing together these three "E's" is the ultimate holism and the great challenge for our future. 11
There are over 150 publications among Odum's major accomplishments, which include the following: past president of the Ecological Society of America ( 1964-65), Institute de la Vie Prize ( 1975) awarded by the French Government, Tyler Ecology Award presented by President Carter ( 1977), and the Crawfoord Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences ( 1987). Presently, he is Calloway Professor Emeritus of Ecology at the University of Georgia.
Gifford Pinchot was one of the magisterial figures in the field of conservation. As a friend of President Theodore Roosevelt and an astute politician, Pinchot became a catalyst and publicist of the anthropocentric ethics that underlie much of the twentieth century environmental policies. Pinchot was born on August 11, 1865, to an affluent family in Simsbury, Connecticut. He spent his boyhood years with his family in Connecticut and New York City. Endowed with imagination and love of nature, he shared his money, possessions, and intellect to further the cause of his utilitarian philosophy. After graduating from Yale University, he left for Europe to study forestry, because no such training existed in the United States.
Many of his anthropocentric ethics were developed during his European experience, as he began to realize that the most efficient means of exploiting the nation's forests was to develop them through careful government planning rather than private supervision. He combined his scientific skills and intellectual leadership to succeed in becoming head of the Division of Forestry in 1898. In 1905 Pinchot successfully got all the national forests transferred to his agency, by then called the U.S. Forest Service. He served as Chief Forester under Presidents William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, and William Taft, though he fell out of favor with Taft in disagreements on how best to set aside and manage natural resources in the federal trust. In addition to promoting conservation measures, Pinchot was governor of Pennsylvania from 1923 to 1927 and from 1931 to 1935. He died on October 4, 1946.