While the quest for environmental quality is the responsibility of the government, the unique and sizable contributions of concerned citizens working together in nonprofit environmental organizations cannot be overlooked. In fact, over the century, environmental organizations have been in the vanguard of environmental goals of various kinds. Many organizations with large memberships inform, guide, or represent their members in a wide variety of environmental and conservation efforts. For example, lawsuits brought by environmental organizations are demanding that the governmental authorities enforce environmental laws. Other organizations with similar objectives have professional memberships in recreation or conservation fields. Still other international organizations with broad interests, such as the World Wildlife Fund and Friends of the Earth, carry on many programs that have a global impact. Today, there are about one thousand environmental organizations.
To some extent, all environmental organizations are involved in public decisions about the environment. These organizations educate their constituencies and the general public as to their mission, which includes group members joining protests or disrupting the political process. Combined, the organizations are initiators of environmental policies and thereby induce policy formation to achieve environmental goals. Unlike governmental publications, environmental publications written by private organizations bring environmental issues to public