Aging, Health Behaviors, and Health Outcomes

By K. Warner Schaie; Dan Blazer et al. | Go to book overview

Our data in regard to how expectancies influence the effectiveness of received support are merely suggestive. They do, however, indicate the possibility that the receipt of more positive relative to negative behaviors than expected may maximally influence quitting and maintenance. These effects might reach statistical significance with a larger sample size (only 145 were available for these analyses as opposed to 221 for the received support analyses).


Summary

In summary, our study indicates the importance of the content and context of spousal behaviors in supporting health behavior change. We think that microanalytic studies of behavioral interchanges between spouses will help clarify what behaviors are interpreted as supportive, what behaviors improve health and well-being, and the conditions under which supportive behaviors are most effective. Such work will provide a better basic view of the spousal support process as well as aid in the design and implementation of social support interventions.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Detailed description of the study and data analyses presented in this chapter are reported in Cohen and Lichtenstein ( 1990). Preparation of this article was supported by a Research Scientist Development Award from the National Institute of Mental Health to the first author (K02 MH00721). Research reported in this article was supported by a grant from the National Cancer Institute (CA38243).


REFERENCES

Cohen S., & Lichtenstein E. ( 1990). "Partner behavior that supports quitting smoking". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 304-309.

Cohen S., Lichtenstein E., Prochaska J. O., Rossi J., Gritz E. R., Carr C. R., Orleans C T. , Schoenbach V. J., Biener L., Abrams D., DiClemente C., Curry S., Marlat G. A. , Cummings K. M., Emont S. L., Giovino G., & Ossip-Klein D. ( 1989). "Debunking myths about self-quitting: Evidence from 10 prospective studies of persons who quit smoking by themselves". American Psychologist, 44, 1355-1365.

Dixon W. J., (Ed.). ( 1985). BMDP Statistical Software manual. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Mermelstein R., Lichtenstein E., & McIntyre K. ( 1983). "Partner support and relapse in smoking cessation programs". Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 465-466.

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