Protestants First: Orangeism in Nineteenth Century Scotland

By E. W. McFarland | Go to book overview

result? (Murder). Peacefulness, loyalty, contentment? No! but louder and still louder the cry of the daughters of the horseleech 'Give, Give'. The truth must be spoken the British government and legislature had not been faithful to the Protestant Constitution of Britain... It behoved all true Protestants to set themselves with all their might to the resistance of further popish aggressions'. 116

These differing political and religious analyses did not produce open conflict between the LOI and Conservatives at this point, and could even be combined in a single resolution. 117 Yet they do emphasise that the Conservative worldview had still to co-exist with another picture of reality based on uncompromising 'Anti Popish Principles', and formed by the ordinary Orangeman's perception of increasing 'Popish machinations' from the late 1860s. This in turn suggests the potential for disjuncture which was present, again negating the 'natural' or 'fixed' quality of their relations.

While threatening Liberal governments were in power and especially when Home Rule was on the horizon this potential was unfulfilled and Orange-Tory links were relatively prosperous. When, however, the Conservatives formed a government and the Irish crisis temporarily subsided, Orange and Conservative demands might not be so harmoniously combined. At this point, the Tories' record as the party which 'upholds the Revolutionary settlement, prefers nobility to nihilism, and goes in for a Protestant government and constitution, a House of Lords and for the established national religion', came under closer Orange scrutiny. 118


NOTES
1.
R Hill, Toryism and the People, 1832-46, p. 15
2.
GH, 31/3/80. See also Glasgow Telegraph editorial "'Jacobites Turned Whigs'", 25/2/77.
3.
GN, 28/7/74.
4.
GN, 12/11/73.
5.
Smith, op. cit. ( 1982), p. 186.
6.
Hutchinson, op. cit. ( 1975), p. 384.
7.
Ibid.
8.
W E Hodgeson, "'Why Conservatism Fails in Scotland'", National Review 2, 1883-4, GN, 25/12/77, 28/12/77. Only one Orangeman appears on the platform and none of the Orange officebearers of the town are present.
9.
GN, 25/1/79.
10.
GN, 5/1/78.
11.
J Alexander, Secretary of the GCA, is present, GT 16/11/68.
12.
GN, 23/10/85, 7/11/85.
13.
GN, 11/11/85.
14.
Paisley Express, 29/3/78.
15.
Ibid.

-186-

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Protestants First: Orangeism in Nineteenth Century Scotland
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Key to Abbreviations vi
  • Preface vii
  • 1 - What is Orangeism? 1
  • Notes 14
  • 2 - Theoretical Approaches 17
  • Notes 28
  • 3 - Historical Overview: 'the Lodge of Diamond in Armagh' 30
  • Notes 45
  • 4: The early History of Orangeism in Scotland 1799-1865 47
  • 5 - Orangeism in Scotland 1865-1900: Quantification and Class Composition 70
  • Notes 91
  • 6 - Absolute Strength and Relative Weakness 95
  • 7 - The Scottish Churches 115
  • Notes 136
  • 8 - Leadership and Rank and File Relations 139
  • Notes 157
  • 9 - The Mainspring of Conservatism? 1865-85 160
  • Notes 186
  • 10 - Truckling to Popery (1886-1900) 190
  • Notes 209
  • Postscript Orangeism in Modern Scotland 212
  • Notes 219
  • Appendix A District Lodges' Numbers and Locations c. 1878 220
  • Appendix B Greenock Orangemen: Occupational Breakdown 1879-86 221
  • Appendix C Greenock Orangemen: Occupational Breakdown 1892 223
  • Appendix D Paisley Orangemen: Occupational Breakdown 1866-86 225
  • Appendix E Biographical Index 227
  • Appendix F Clergymen with Orange Links 1865-1900 233
  • Bibliography 235
  • Index 250
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