THE SECESSION CONVENTION OF 1861
The Alabama legislature in February, 1860, instructed the governor to call a convention of the people of Alabama in case of the election of "a president advocating the principles and action of the party in the Northern states calling itself the Republican Party."2 After the election of Abraham Lincoln, Governor Andrew Barry Moore issued a proclamation on December 6, for the election on December 24 of delegates to a convention, allowing about three weeks for the campaign.3 Each county was to have as many delegates as it had members of the House of Representatives. The question of calling a convention was not submitted to the people as it had been in 1852 and 1856.
As the campaign for the convention progressed amid great excitement, it became evident that a large majority of the people of Alabama were inclined to secession, but the secessionists were divided among themselves. The "immediate secessionists" advocated prompt and separate state secession; the "cooperationists" favored a southern convention to consider secession and a redress of grievances.4 Candidates of both____________________