DEMANDS FOR GENERAL REVISION OF Alabama'S CONSTITUTION OF PROHIBITION
The 1875 Constitution "of prohibition"1 had become inadequate long before the end of the nineteenth century. Although agriculture made noteworthy advances after 1875, the state for the first time in its history made marked industrial progress--in coal and iron mining, iron manufacturing, lumbering, textiles, and the expansion of its railroads. Dozens of coal and iron corporations were founded and numerous banks were created in order to furnish commercial credit for old and new business activities. New York capital played an important part in the state's industrial and commercial growth. Old cities in South Alabama made progress but Birmingham, Anniston, Bessemer, and many other towns in North Alabama's mineral belt were born, became prominent industrial centers, and their population increased rapidly.2 Between 1870 and 1900, the state's population almost doubled; Birmingham in less than thirty years became as large as Mobile and larger than Montgomery.3 A shift of population toward North Alabama took place as that section's mineral belt developed.
As already indicated the constitution makers of 1875 showed a definite anti-industrial bias. Numerous restrictions written into that con-____________________