Backdrop to Tragedy: The Struggle for Palestine

By William R. Polk; David M. Stamler et al. | Go to book overview

change in the structure of the economy in favor of industry and services, which require relatively large outlays of capital, would also expand the size of the supportable population at a given standard of living though natural resources may remain constant. In the actual situation, however, the Arab population of Palestine was growing at a natural rate which soon produced a population pressure on the land which was available for cultivation. Land purchases by Zionist organizations increased the pressure of Arab farmers on land, while reclamation of uncultivated lands by Zionist Organizations did not benefit them. As to the structure of the Arab economy, although it was changing slowly toward greater employment in industry and services, yet it did not command enough capital to accelerate the process to an extent that would have absorbed the surplus population, or to reclaim new agricultural lands at the required pace. In this sense, therefore, there was a real and fundamental conflict of interest in the economic field between the Arab population and Zionism. They competed for strictly limited natural resources.


5. LAND AND CAPITAL

It is to be expected that a process of colonization in a country which is already occupied by a large settled population could not be carried out on the strength of purely economic incentives. Colonization has been economically successful only in very sparsely populated areas such as the Americas or Australia where the claim on the land and the natural resources was transferred to a right with little effective opposition from the indigenous population. In settled communities such as those of the recently independent countries of Asia, colonization largely took the form of commercial and administrative exploitation; only in a few cases did foreign colonizers there actually settle on the land and make a profitable and unharassed living out of it.

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Backdrop to Tragedy: The Struggle for Palestine
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vi
  • Maps viii
  • Tables ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Important Dates in the History of Palestine xiii
  • Part 1 - THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 1
  • 1 - Out of the Past 3
  • 2 - The Coming of Islam 8
  • 3 - The Crusades 22
  • 4 - The Ottoman Empire 29
  • 5 - The Great Powers in the Middle East 34
  • 6 - The Sick Man of Europe 47
  • 7 - The First World War and Its Spore 55
  • 8 - Emir Feisal and Dr. Weizmann 64
  • 9 - Establishment of the Mandate 70
  • 11 - The Wisdom of Solomon 94
  • 12 - From War to War 106
  • 13 - Inquiries, Reports, and Plans 110
  • 14 - The Mandate's Last Bitter Days 126
  • Part II - JEWISH INTERESTS IN PALESTINE 131
  • 1 - The Age-Old Longing 133
  • 2 - The European Background 139
  • 3 - The Birth of Political Zionism 148
  • 4 - The Land of Promises 159
  • 5 - Internal Conflicts 170
  • 6 - The Seeds of Conflict 175
  • 7 - The War and the Biltmore Program 179
  • 8 - Anglo-American Reactions 185
  • 9 - Postwar and Economic 187
  • 10 - A United Nations Solution: the State is Born 194
  • 11 - East and West 197
  • 12 - Politics in Israel 205
  • 13 - Religion and the State 219
  • Part III - THE ARABS AND PALESTINE 223
  • 1 - "The Existing Non-Jewish Communities" 225
  • 2 - The Arab Gentry 241
  • 3 - The Arab Element in Arabism 246
  • 4 - Modern Arab Nationalism 254
  • 5 - The Reaction to Zionism 265
  • 6 - Pan-Arabism 273
  • 7 - War, Refugees, and Humiliation 286
  • Part IV - THE ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK OF THE PALESTINE PROBLEM 305
  • 1 - Introduction 307
  • 2 - The Mandate Period 309
  • 3 - The Land and Its People 312
  • 4 - Immigration and Land 324
  • 5 - Land and Capital 329
  • 6 - Economics of the Refugee Problem 336
  • 7 - The Economy of Israel 342
  • 8 - Economic Relations Between Israel and the Arabs 352
  • Part V - CONCLUSION 365
  • Conclusion 367
  • SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY 375
  • Index 387
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