Gentrification, Displacement, and Neighborhood Revitalization

By J. John Palen; Bruce London | Go to book overview

class blacks, such findings may indicate increasing class as well as racial heterogeneity.

In such mixed neighborhoods, will the renovators' proactivity result in neighborhood and city-wide racial and class conflict, or will it result in an enhanced commitment to community cohesion and improvement for the "general good"? The answer to this question may help us to determine the extent of long-term residential commitment of renovators.


NOTES
1.
A tract/neighborhood equivalency list developed by the city was used to determine neighborhood block density from tract data.
2.
Renovation was measured by the rate of real estate transactions that occurred in the respective tracts, standardized by the number of structures in that tract. See Laska, Seaman, and McSeveney [ 1982] for methodology.
3.
Sixty-six percent of New Orleans households are renters; for the census tract containing our respondents, the range was 45-84% renters.
4.
As was discussed in an earlier analysis of the 1978 survey ( Laska and Spain 1979), more families with children are involved in renovation in New Orleans than in other cities. This may be the result of the sizable private/parochial school system that is available as an alternative to the public system.
5.
Best estimates are that the crime victimization for 2 years is approximately 1½ times the 1-year rate, and thus 44.4 percent for 2 years in comparable to 30 percent for 1 year.
6.
Answers to an open-ended question were grouped into 4 categories which were used for the statistical analysis. The 3 categories greater than .5 years were combined for the table.
7.
This increase was not the result of the founding of new associations between 1978-80, for the neighborhoods studied had established associations by 1978.

REFERENCES

Bradley, D. S. 1977. Neighborhood transition: middle-class home buying in an inner-city, deteriorating community. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, September 5-9. Chicago, Ill.

Chernoff, M. 1980. "Social displacement in a renovating neighborhood's commercial district: Atlanta". Pp. 204-219 in S. Laska and D. Spain (eds.) Back to the City: Issues in Neighborhood Renovation. Elmsford, New York: Pergamon Press.

City of New Orleans. 1980. "Tract/neighborhood equivalency list." Unpublished city document.

Clark, W. A. V. and M. Cadwallader
1973 "Locational stress and residential mobility". Environment and Behavior (March):529-41.

-124-

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