Life-Span Developmental Psychology: Methodological Contributions

By Stanley H. Cohen; Hayne W. Reese | Go to book overview

do emerge from that analysis should be interpreted. Hertzog and Yuasa ( 1988) discussed this and other the substantive issues regarding the mental rotation task in detail. The important point, analytically, is that we have learned much more from formulating and testing specific substantive hypotheses with corresponding statistical tests. The selection of analysis strategy ought not be driven by cookbook or by some presumably optimal set of decision rules (even of the type implied by Figs. 9.1 and 9.2). Instead it ought to be driven by a concern to make appropriate use of statistical inference (including control of the Type I error rate while minimizing the Type II error rate) in directly testing substantive hypotheses of interest.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I'm grateful to the National Institute on Aging for a Research Career Development Award (K04 AG00335), which gave me time to work on this chapter. This manuscript would not have been produced without the skillful help of Debra Jennings and Patti Morgan, who revised text and corrected Greek symbols in too many drafts to count.


REFERENCES

Appelbaum M. I., & McCall R. B. ( 1983). "Design and analysis in developmental psychology". In P. H. Mussen (ed.), Handbook of child psychology ( 4th ed., Vol. 1, pp. 415-476). New York: Wiley.

Baltes P. B. ( 1968). "Longitudinal and cross-sectional sequences in the study of age and generation effects". Human Development, 11, 145-171.

Baltes P. B., Reese H. W., & Nesselroade J. R., ( 1977). "Life-span developmental psychology". Introduction to research methods. Monterey., CA: Brooks/Cole.

Berg C., Hertzog C., & Hunt E. ( 1982). "Age differences in the speed of mental rotation". Developmental Psychology, 18, 95-107.

Bird K. D., & Hadzi-Pavlovic D. ( 1983). "Simultaneous test procedures and the choice of a test statistic in MANOVA". Psychological Bulletin, 93, 167-178.

Blalock H. M. ( 1982). Conceptualization and measurement in the social sciences. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Bock R. D. ( 1975). Multivariate statistical models in behavioral research. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Bock R. D. ( 1979). "Univariate and multivariate analysis of variance with time-structured data". In J. R. Nesselroade & P. B. Baltes (Ed.), Longitudinal research in the study of behavior and development. New York: Academic Press.

Boik R. J. ( 1979). "Interactions, partial interactions, and interaction contrasts in the analysis of variance". Psychological Bulletin, 86, 1084-1089.

Boik R. J. ( 1981). "A priori tests in repeated measures designs: Effects of nonsphericity". Psychometrika, 46, 241-255.

Box G. E. P. ( 1954). "Some theorems on quadratic forms applied in the study of analysis of variance problems: II. Effects of inequality of variance and of correlation between errors in the two-way classification". Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 25, 484-98.

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