The Terms of Reference
The Muslim community of the former Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina has been the victim of what can be termed, by any accepted legal and moral measure, genocide. The intent of this book is to seek an understanding of the roots and dynamics of this process and to assess its human and political impact. As of this writing, the situation is still sorting itself out, but whatever agreement takes hold and whatever geopolitical configuration ultimately emerges will not erase the fact that genocide has occurred. Even if a rump Bosnian state emerges as a result of partition, the consequences of genocide will not be reversed, and the Muslims will likely remain vulnerable. Indeed, many of the dilemmas which have faced the world community in dealing with genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina will continue not only there but elsewhere in the region.
The focus here is on the Muslims, although others, notably the Croatians, but Serbs too, have also been the target of atrocities in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The intent is not to minimize the suffering of any victims. However, the unique ideological aspects of the anti-Muslim campaign, the sheer numbers of the Muslims affected, and the extent of their suffering warrant a specific examination of that community's victimization. The assault on the Muslim community has happened essentially at the hands of their Serbian neighbors, whose intent was clearly to find a total solution; that is, to remove the Muslims from the land by whatever means feasible. Killings, torture, rape, and deportation, often carried out in a strikingly gruesome manner, have