Genocide in Bosnia: The Policy of "Ethnic Cleansing"

By Norman Cigar | Go to book overview

9. Spin-Off War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina
The Victimization Process

Enough evidence already exists to predict the potential for "spin-off genocide" in the former Yugoslavia, illustrated by the breakdown that occurred in Croatian-Muslim relations. Perhaps what encouraged the Croatian HVO organization to undertake its own ethnic cleansing against the Muslims in 1993 was its cost-benefit assessment in the wake of the successful and relatively low-cost Serbian experience. Similarly, in the increasingly intolerant environment which resulted, even some Muslims themselves started to retaliate against others, though in the latter case it seems to have often been a new and unsanctioned policy born of desperation rather than from a desire for expansion.


The Croatians as Perpetrators

Although much less extensive than the Serbian actions, serious war crimes against the Muslims were also committed by Bosnia-Herzegovina's local Croatian authorities. Indeed, tensions in the original Croatian-Muslim alliance had developed as soon as the pro-partition faction, headed by Mate Boban, had become dominant. This faction achieved its position over the Bosnian Croatian community's branch of the ruling party of Croatia, the Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica--HDZ), and its local military arm, the HVO. The Tudjman government, with a

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Genocide in Bosnia: The Policy of "Ethnic Cleansing"
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Zemlja NaU+aa vii
  • Contents ix
  • Illustrations xi
  • Foreword xiii
  • 1 - Genocide 3
  • 2 - The Historical Context 11
  • 3 - The Preparatory Phase 22
  • 4 - The Responsibility Dilemma 38
  • 5 - The Implementation Phase 47
  • 6 - Motivating the Perpetrator 62
  • 7 - The Denial Syndrome 86
  • 8 - The Denial Syndrome 107
  • 9 - Spin-Off War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina 123
  • 10 - Stopping Genocide 139
  • 11 - Must a Victim Remain Defenseless? 166
  • 12 - Heading for the End-State 181
  • Appendixes 201
  • Notes 208
  • Index 243
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