The Victimization Process
Enough evidence already exists to predict the potential for "spin-off genocide" in the former Yugoslavia, illustrated by the breakdown that occurred in Croatian-Muslim relations. Perhaps what encouraged the Croatian HVO organization to undertake its own ethnic cleansing against the Muslims in 1993 was its cost-benefit assessment in the wake of the successful and relatively low-cost Serbian experience. Similarly, in the increasingly intolerant environment which resulted, even some Muslims themselves started to retaliate against others, though in the latter case it seems to have often been a new and unsanctioned policy born of desperation rather than from a desire for expansion.
Although much less extensive than the Serbian actions, serious war crimes against the Muslims were also committed by Bosnia-Herzegovina's local Croatian authorities. Indeed, tensions in the original Croatian-Muslim alliance had developed as soon as the pro-partition faction, headed by Mate Boban, had become dominant. This faction achieved its position over the Bosnian Croatian community's branch of the ruling party of Croatia, the Croatian Democratic Union (Hrvatska Demokratska Zajednica--HDZ), and its local military arm, the HVO. The Tudjman government, with a