Models of Homosexuality -- II: Other Models
In the homophobic religion model of homosexuality, homosexuals are viewed not as sick people but as sinners. As Peter Steinfels( 1995) says, quoting Andrew Sullivan, in the view of individuals who see gays and lesbians as sinners "homosexuality [is] comparable to the evil inclinations that Christian tradition attributes to original sin" (p. 9).
This discussion of the homophobic religion model of homosexuality is not applicable to all religious people, for many religious people are not homophobes:
As Margaret O. Hyde ( 1994) suggests in her book, Know About Gays and Lesbians, not all religious people are morbidly prejudiced against gays and e lesbians, or use the homophobic religion model of homosexuality to express their homophobia. For "the subject of homosexuality causes tremendous controversy in many religious groups. These feelings run deep, and many faiths are in turmoil about whether or not homosexuals are sinners, may be ordained as leaders in the church, or be accepted only if they refrain from sex" (p. 52).
Similarly David W. Dunlap( 1996) notes that there is a "stark division in Judaism over the place of homosexuals in society. Orthodox rabbinical groups believe that homosexual relationships violate Jewish law. The Conserratire group of rabbis, known as the Rabbinical Assembly, has not taken a position on civil marriage but disapproves of rabbis officiating at