The recent statement by the NABSW indicating that "the United States
is not a [racial] melting pot" is supported by most interpreters of the 1980
census. Herbert Gans, for example, in commenting on the rates of intermarriage reported in the census, stated, "If you're talking about the melting pot,
on the whole we are a melted society. . . . ethnicity isn't very important anymore, and race is terribly important."40 Similarly, a psychologist investigating children of intermarriage said, "The melting pot has melted only so
far. . . . rates of intermarriage may have changed, but prejudices haven't."41
Without denying the importance of race to many Americans, the individuals and families in our study, particularly the transracially adopted children, represent a different and special cohort, one socialized in two worlds and
therefore perhaps better prepared to operate in both. The hope is that having had this unique racial experience, they will have gained a greater sense
of security about who they are and will be better able to negotiate in the worlds
of both their biological inheritance and their socialization.
Robert A. Erlandson, "Maryland Interracial Policy Impedes Adoption Attempt", Baltimore Sun, July 11, 1984, p. 1.
William Feigelman and
Arnold Silverman, Chosen Children: New Patterns of Adoptive Relationships ( New York: Praeger, 1983).
Glenn Collins, "Children of Intermarriage", New York Times, June 20, 1984, p. Cl.
Glenn Collins, "A New Look at Intermarriage in the United States", New York Times, February 11, 1985, p.C13.
"Families Adopting Children Everywhere", FACE Facts 9, no. 5, ( April 1985): 7.
Penelope L. Maza, "Adoption Trends: 1944-1975", Child Welfare Research Notes #9.
( Washington, D.C.: Administration for Children, Youth, and Family, August 1984).
Christine Bachrach "Adoption Plans, Adopted Children, and Adoptive Mothers: United
States, 1982 [Working Paper #22.]" U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public
Health Service, Office of Health Research, Appendix II.
Michael Gold, "The Baby Makers", Science '85 ( April 1985).
Penelope Maza, "What We Do and Don't Know about Adoption Statistics", Child Welfare
League of America 3, no. 2 (Spring 1985): 5.
Rita J. Simon and
Howard Altstein, Transracial Adoption: A Follow-up ( Lexington, Mass.:
Lexington Books, 1981), p. 96.
North American Council on Adoptable Children, Adaptalk (March/ April 1983): 1.
Reflecting the 100,000-120,000 figure, U.S. News and World Report in June 1984 estimated about 100,000 children available for adoption (Harold Kennedy, "As Adoptions Get More
Difficult," June 25, 1984, p. 62).
"A Place for Foster Children", New York Times, June 27, 1984, p. C15.