Effects of Abortion, Birth Rate, and Lifestyle on Inracial and Transracial Adoptions
For the last decade or so, three persistent factors have affected adoption rates in the United States: abortions, birth rates, and lifestyle changes. Each will be discussed in the context of its influence on rates of adoption and, wherever possible, the number of transracial adoptions.
Most researchers in child welfare believe that abortion rates, particularly among unmarried females in the 15-19 age bracket, affect the number of children available for adoption. As shown by the numbers below, nonwhite women under the age of 20 were more than twice as likely to abort their pregnancies as were white women under 20.1 By 1976, if one expands the age range to include women between the ages of 15 and 44 (i.e., child-bearing years), the rate of abortions for nonwhites exceeded that for whites by a factor of three, with the white rate actually going down slightly.2