Single Parent Adoption: A Continuing Alternative
In our first volume, we suggested that the benefits of inracial single parent adoption (SPA) had not been sufficiently examined as a possible alternative to transracial adoption. In fact, this practice, which was ignored by child welfare institutions until the 1960s, may hold considerable promise as an alternative for countless children currently available for adoption in foster care or group homes. Today, more than a decade after our first work, we continue to view this type of permanent child placement as a viable alternative. Our position is consistent with society's changing views of relationships, making the single parent family a more normative child-rearing environment. The women's movement in particular has had a major role in the growing prevalence and general acceptance of this type of family setting.
The concept of single parenthood no longer carries its historic stigma, regardless of the single parent's gender. This is indicated in the percent of single parent families who adopt and in the policies and practices created to serve this ever-increasing population. As the figures below demonstrate, the percent of such families with at least one child less than 18 years old increased 100 percent between 1970 and 1984.1