The conceptual treatment of Twentieth-Century Czechoslovakia is historical only to the extent to which the nation's history is related to the principal theme of the study (hence, such topics as the Carpathian Ukraine, for example, or the country's foreign policy, are not treated here in separate chapters; similarly, since I have synthesized much material in the text, and to preserve an uninterrupted narrative, footnotes are reduced to a minimum). Needless to say, one does not approach the effort to follow and analyze the theme without trepidation and humility, nor without full awareness of its controversial nature. To borrow from Ernest Denis, however, I attempted to respond and write "neither without love nor without anger," for, as Karl Marx put it, "Truth is not without passion and passion is not without truth."
I am grateful to several institutions and individuals for their assistance in the preparation of this manuscript.
The U.S. Office of Education, Department of Health, Education and Welfare (under the authority of Title VI, Section 602, NDEA) and the American Council of Learned Societies extended to me a generous financial assistance. Robert C. Good, former dean of the Graduate School of International Studies and now president of Denison University, facilitated the work by a favorable arrangement of my teaching assignments. Dr. Paul Horecky, Anita Navon, and Eva Polach of the library of Congress, and Richard F. Staar, Milorad M. Drachkovitch, Wayne S. Vucinich, Ronald Bulatoff, and the librarians at the Hoover Institution gave me most valuable help.
My former students, John West, Enrico David, and Louis Ortmayer, as well as Vera Henzl, contributed as research assistants, and Shirley Taylor, while typing the first draft, improved my English and style.
The manuscript was read in full by Madeleine Albright, Julius Firt, and Jiri Valenta, and in part by Irene Bolen, Radomir Luza, and George Barany.
My warmest thanks go to my editor for this manuscript (and