|•||aligning investment in IS with business goals;|
|•||exploiting IT for competitive advantage;|
|•||directing efficient and effective management of IS resources;|
|•||developing technology policies and architectures.|
It has been suggested ( Earl 1989) that the first two areas are concerned with information systems strategy, the third with information management strategy, and the fourth with information technology strategy. According to surveybased research to date, it is usually the first two areas that dominate chief information officers's agendas. Indeed, SISP has been defined in this light ( Lederer and Sethi 1988) as 'the process of deciding the objectives for organizational computing and identifying potential computer applications which the organization should implement'. This definition was used in the investigation reported here into SISP activity and experience in twentyseven UK companies.
Five different approaches to strategic information systems planning were found, and one---the organizational approach--appears to outperform the others. Reported by Earl in 1993, the study is summarized in the first part of this chapter. Then in response to queries since the results were first