The Theory of Knowledge: A Thematic Introduction

By Dwayne H. Mulder; J. D. Trout et al. | Go to book overview

8
Skepticism SOME SPECIES OF SKEPTICISM

We all have doubts about some areas of alleged knowledge, although these doubts will vary among persons and groups. Accordingly, philosophers and others have long debated the limits, or scope, of human knowledge. The more restricted we take the scope to be, the more skeptical we are. So, if we restrict knowledge to claims about our subjective experiences, for example, we are very skeptical indeed. Famous skeptical debates in philosophy have concerned knowledge of, among other things, the mind- independent world, other minds, inductive inferences, historical events, and unobservable entities countenanced by the sciences.

Skepticism, in keeping with most influential philosophical positions, comes in a variety of forms and strengths. Two noteworthy types of skepticism, mentioned briefly in Chapter 1, are knowledge skepticism and justification skepticism. Unrestricted knowledge skepticism implies that no one knows anything, including this claim itself. Unrestricted justification skepticism implies the more

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The Theory of Knowledge: A Thematic Introduction
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • 1- Epistemology: A First Look 1
  • Explaining Knowledge 23
  • 3- Belief 41
  • 4- Truth 59
  • 5- Justification and Beyond 77
  • 6- Sources of Knowledge 101
  • 7- Rationality 123
  • 8- Skepticism Some Species of Skepticism 149
  • 9- Epistemology And Explanation 165
  • Glossary 187
  • References 193
  • Further Reading 199
  • Index 207
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