The CPSU, the Comintern, and the Bulgarians
Soviet historiography's first attempts to reevaluate the history of the Communist International began in the mid-1980's, when the Communist Party Central Committee archives were opened to a broader circle of scholars. 1 The materials from these archives dating from World War II persuasively demonstrate that the Stalinist Politburo of the CPSU(b) and the Soviet government manipulated the Comintern in order to further Soviet foreign policy interests, that is, to insure the territorial expansion of the USSR and the victory of Communism in Europe and throughout the world. Even after Germany's attack on the USSR, Stalin held fast to this course, although the new situation required essential changes in the tactics of the international Communist movement.
On June 22, 1941, Stalin summoned to the Kremlin Georgi Dimitrov, General Secretary of the Executive Committee of the Comintern (ECC). In his diary, Dimitrov recorded Stalin's instructions on how to proceed in the new situation: for the time being, the Comintern was not to maneuver openly, and the Communist parties should desist from pursuing socialist revolution. 2 Immediately after his conversation with Stalin, Dimitrov called a session of the ECC Secretariat, where he summed up the radical change in Communist tactics with the maxim: everything that hastens the defeat of fascism is correct and useful. For that reason, the Communist Party should not call for the overthrow of capitalism and the triumph of world revolution;