Latin America, Its Problems and Its Promise: A Multidisciplinary Introduction

By Jan Knippers Black | Go to book overview

ity with NAFTA and formed the Association of Caribbean States (ACS) in August 1995 to enhance their bargaining position. In South America, however, Brazil, the leader of Mercosur, is challenging the United States and overseeing the formation of a South American Free Trade Association (SAFTA) -- by merging Mercosur and the Andean Pact members (from Chile to Venezuela) -- as an alternative to NAFTA. While this regional competition is shaping up between the United States/NAFTA and Brazil/SAFTA, the Latin American and Caribbean countries are maintaining and strengthening their trilateralism -- their relations with both Europe and Japan. Although the future course of this regional North-South struggle and its impact upon the world role of the Latin American and Caribbean states depend upon a number of factors, the leadership role and influence of the United States here as well as globally will continue to be compromised and impaired as long as it maintains the 1960 Cold War embargo against Cuba.


NOTES
1
Wolf Grabendorff, West Germany and Brazil: A Showcase for the First World-Third World Relationship? Occasional Papers Series no. 4 ( Baltimore, Md.: Center of Brazilian Studies, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, January 1980), p. 2.
2
Ibid. For Brazil's development and increasing status, see Werner Baer and Carlos von Doellinger , "Determinants of Brazil's Economic Policy", in Joseph Grunwald, ed., Latin America and World Economy: A Changing International Order (Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1978), pp. 147-161; Baer, The Brazilian Economy: Growth and Development, 3 ed. ( New York: Praeger, 1989); and Wayne A. Selcher, ed., Brazil in the International System ( Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1981).
3
Susan Kaufman Purcell and Françoise Simon, eds., Europe and Latin America in the World Economy ( Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1995), pp. 20, 24, 93, 96.
4
Wolf Grabendorff and Riordan Roett, eds., Latin America, Western Europe and the United States: Reevaluating the Atlantic Tiangle ( New York: Praeger, 1985); and Gustavo Lagos Matus, ed., Las Relaciones entre América Latina, Estados Uniaos y Europa Occidental ( Santiago, Chile: Editorial Universitaria, 1980). See also Roett's chapter in Purcell and Simon, Europe and Latin America.
5
Barbara Stallings and Gabriel Székely, eds., Japan, the United States, and Latin America ( Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993).
6
Jorge I. Dominguez, Cuba: Order and Revolution ( Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978), pp. 149-154.
7
Speech of Ernesto Betancourt, USIA, Radio Martí, at Cuban American National Foundation conference, "The Cuban Revolution at 30," January 10, 1989.
8
W. Raymond Duncan, The Soviet Union and Cuba: Interests and Influence ( New York: Praeger, 1985), pp. 105, 178.
9
Domínguez, Cuba, pp. 149-154. These credits and their sales to and trade with Cuba were all in defiance of the U.S. and OAS embargo against Cuba, by the United States in 1960 and by the OAS in 1964. The latter lifted its embargo in 1975.
10
U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Directorate of Intelligence, Handbook of Economic Statistics 1988: A Reference Aid ( Washington, D.C.: CIA, 1988), p. 181.

-309-

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Latin America, Its Problems and Its Promise: A Multidisciplinary Introduction
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • MAPS, TABLES, FIGURES, AND ILLUSTRATIONS xi
  • I - INTRODUCTION: THE EVOLUTION OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 1
  • Notes 16
  • PART ONE - THE LAND AND THE PEOPLE 19
  • 2 - PHYSICAL LANDSCAPE AND SETTLEMENT PATTERNS 21
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 39
  • 3 - THE INDIAN POPULATIONS OF LATIN AMERICA 40
  • Notes 53
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 54
  • PART TWO - HISTORICAL SETTING 57
  • 4 - COLONIAL LATIN AMERICA 59
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 67
  • 5 - THE CONTINUITY OF THE NATIONAL PERIOD 69
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 86
  • PART THREE - CULTURAL EXPRESSION 89
  • 6 - PHILOSOPHY AND THE INTELLECTUAL TRADITION 91
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 101
  • 7 - LATIN AMERICAN LITERATURE 104
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 121
  • 8 - NATIONALISM AND MODERN LATIN AMERICAN ART 124
  • Notes 137
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 137
  • PART FOUR - ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL STRUCTURES 143
  • 9 - THE LATIN AMERICAN ECONOMIES RESTRUCTURE, AGAIN 145
  • Notes 156
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 159
  • 10 - SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND CHANGE IN LATIN AMERICA 162
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 179
  • 11 - NATURE IN LATIN AMERICA: IMAGES AND ISSUES 181
  • Notes 196
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 199
  • PART FIVE - POLITICAL PROCESSES AND TRENDS 201
  • 12 - PARTICIPATION AND POLITICAL PROCESS: THE COLLAPSIBLE PYRAMID 203
  • Notes 229
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 230
  • 13 - THE POLITICS OF INSECURITY 232
  • Notes 249
  • PART SIX - EXTERNAL RELATIONS 255
  • 14 - INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS IN LATIN AMERICA: CONFLICT AND COOPERATIONS 257
  • Notes 270
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 271
  • 15 - THE UNITED STATES AND LATIN AMERICA: INTO A NEW ERA 273
  • Notes 293
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 295
  • 16 - LATIN AMERICA IN THE WORLD 296
  • Notes 309
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 311
  • PART SEVEN - MEXICO 315
  • 17 - MEXICO: HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS 317
  • Notes 336
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 336
  • 18 - MEXICO: THE PERMANENT CRISIS 338
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 347
  • PART EIGHT - CENTRAL AMERICA AND PANAMA 349
  • 19 - CENTRAL AMERICA: BACKGROUND TO THE CRISIS 351
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 378
  • 20 - CENTRAL AMERICA: FROM REVOLUTION TO NEOLIBERAL "REFORM" 380
  • Notes 394
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 396
  • 21 - PANAMA AND THE CANAL 397
  • Notes 408
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 409
  • PART NINE - CUBA AND THE CARIBBEAN 411
  • 22 - THE CUBAN REVOLUTION 413
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 435
  • 23 - THE CARIBBEAN: THE STRUCTURE OF MODERN-CONSERVATIVE SOCIETIES 436
  • Notes 451
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 452
  • PART TEN - THE ANDES 453
  • 24 - VENEZUELA, COLOMBIA, AND ECUADOR 455
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 473
  • 25 - PERU AND BOLIVIA 475
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 493
  • PART ELEVEN - THE SOUTHERN CONE 495
  • 26 - CHILE: THE DEVELOPMENT, BREAKDOWN, AND RECOVERY OF DEMOCRACY 497
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 534
  • 27 - ARGENTINA: DECLINE AND REVIVAL 536
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 549
  • 28 - URUGUAY AND PARAGUAY: AN ARDUOUS TRANSITION 551
  • Notes 571
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 572
  • PART TWELVE - BRAZIL 575
  • 29 - BRAZIL: FROM INDEPENDENCE TO 1964 577
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 589
  • 30 - BRAZIL: MILITOCRACY AND FRUSTRATED DEMOCRATIZATION 591
  • Notes 604
  • SUGGESTED READINGS 605
  • 31 - CONCLUSION: AN INTEGRATED NEIGHBORHOOD 607
  • Notes 618
  • ABOUT THE BOOK AND EDITOR 619
  • ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS 621
  • Index 627
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