This resource volume has two multifaceted purposes. Firstly, to document and analyze the current trends in the development of an effective energy policy of the third world countries--and to evaluate the progress made by them during the past decade in attaining long term objectives of a sustained economic growth and improvement in the quality of living future populations.
We are all very much familiar with the problems of third world countries, usually described by Latin America (excluding Cuba), the whole of Africa, Asia (excluding its socialist countries, Japan and Israel) and Oceania (excluding Australia and New Zealand). They are plagued by poverty, very high rates of population growth, low growth rates of gross domestic product, low rates of industrialization, extremely high dependence on agriculture, high rate of unemployment, and uneven income distribution. Although the expression "third world countries" no longer has a clear meaning, majority of the international development experts would consider the poor developing countries to belong in the third world irrespective of their affiliation as aligned or non-aligned characteristic.1
Secondly, major purpose of this volume is to provide the researchers with the much needed knowledge about the different sources of information and available data related to energy policy in the third world countries. Energy policy in the developing countries has raised many complex issues. While these issues are largely dependent on national policies and priorities, their solution is of international concern.
The pace and pattern of energy policy have varied widely among the developing countries partly because of differences in the availability of natural, human and capital resources and in factors such as size and location, and partly because of differences in objectives, strategies and policies related to energy that countries have pursued. The issues affecting strategies and policies differ considerably at the present time from those that were important a decade ago and policy design is thus now more complex and difficult than before.