Changing World Energy Program
This part provides a profile of the energy situation in the developing countries. It discusses, first, the global energy picture, focusing in particular on the place of developing countries with respect to consumption, production, trade and endowment in energy resources. It then examines the varying degrees of energy trade dependence of different developing countries. The role of technology in the energy sector of developing countries is highlighted in the concluding section of this part.
Consumption of the world's energy resources if quite heavily concentrated in the developed regions -- the developed market economy countries and the socialist countries of Eastern Europe. These regions, with about 30 per cent of total world population, account for more than 80 per cent of total world consumption of commercial energy; the other 70 per cent of the population, comprising the developing countries and the socialist countries of Asia, consume less than 20 per cent (see table 1).
This heavy concentration of commercial energy consumption in the developed regions is generally a reflection of the more____________________