International Organizations and Environmental Policy

By Robert V. Bartlett; Priya A. Kurian et al. | Go to book overview

governance of unprecedented complexity and technicality? And because organizations for various purposes will inevitably overlay mosaics of cultural diversity, how can ethnic differences be reconciled to obtain consensus sufficient to achieve common policy objectives?

Governance at any political level is more than a legal or technical process. This reality is today widely acknowledged in the so-called private sector, and organizational changes are being introduced to allow for sociological, psychological, and biological factors that were largely unrecognized or discounted in the past. Government generally has been slower to respond to the maladaptations of contemporary society and to a growing though insufficient understanding of social behavior.

Organizational structure obviously makes a difference. The skeletal structure of the human body permits erect posture and hands that can manipulate. Organization charts describe the formal structure--the skeleton of an agency or a government. But they no more describe the way an organization operates than does the articulated bony structure of the human body tell us how the human individual functions. Organizations, unlike organisms, may be restructured to better meet new challenges. New organizations may be invented by rational choice free from the relatively slow and random selectivity of organic evolution. But conflicting rationalities may compete in organizational change. Psychosocial factors, such as power, prestige, wealth, individualism, and the values of independence add to a normal human aversion to altering familiar arrangements and relationships.

The multiple city--states of Renaissance Italy may be in many ways seen as a microcosm of the present world of nation-states. The failure of the Italians to devise appropriate institutions for governance resulted in social and political failures for which their high achievements in the arts and humanities and even in economics (e.g., in banking) were unable to compensate. Observing this state of affairs and its disastrous consequences for Italy moved Niccolo Machiavelli--the founder of modern political science--to write:

The ruin of states is caused . . . because they do not modify their institutions to suit the changes of the times. And such changes are more difficult and tardy in republics; for necessarily circumstances will occur that will unsettle the whole state. ( Machiavelli , 1518 )


NOTES
1.
Among the readily comprehensive guides to and accessible assessments of UNCED are: Environment ( 1992); Environmental Policy and Law ( 1992); IUCN-World Conservation Union Bulletin ( 1992); United Nations ( 1992d); Robinson, Hassan, and

-34-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
International Organizations and Environmental Policy
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 284

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.