The National Government and Social Welfare: What Should Be the Federal Role?

By John E. Hansan; Robert Morris | Go to book overview
single-mother families. About half of these children, however, are living with their natural fathers as well and therefore these units should be counted as two-parent families ( Gustafson 1995).
10.
There are many other important determinants of the poverty rates for mother-only families. Our point is simply that cutting welfare benefits has never made these families better off, while increasing them has.
11.
The ratio of the wage at the ninetieth percentile to the tenth percentile grew between 1979 and 1993, from 3.6 to 4.6 for males and from 2.7 to 3.8 for females.
12.
Larry Mead, professor of politics at New York University, argues that the lack of child care is not a barrier to work for poor, single mothers because they can get adequate care from relatives. If he is correct, the cost of public subsidization will be slight because there will be few takers.
13.
We acknowledge that CSAS could lead to an increase in divorce, though we suspect this effect would be small (see Garfinkel 1992). At any rate, with CSAS these newly divorced families would be less likely to need public support.

REFERENCES

Bane Mary Jo and David Ellwood. 1983. The dynamics of dependence: The routes to self-sufficiency. Prepared for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C.

Bergman Barbara R. 1986. The economic emergence of women. New York: Basic Books.

Garfinkel Irwin. 1992. Assuring child support: An extension of Social Security. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Garfinkel Irwin and Sara McLanahan. 1986. Single mothers and their children. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute Press.

-----. 1994. Single mother families, economic insecurity, and government policy. In Confronting poverty, ed. Daniel Weinberg, Sheldon Danziger, and Gary Sandefur. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Geuron Judith. 1991. From welfare to work. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Greenstein Robert. 1995. Testimony to the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the House Ways and Means Committee, January 13.

Gustafsson Siv. 1995. "Single mothers in Sweden: Why is poverty less severe?" In Poverty, Inequality and the Future of Social Policy, ed. Katherine McFate, Roger Lawson, and William Julius Wilson. New York: Russell Sage Foun­ dation.

Hartmann Heidi et al. 1994. "What do unions do for women?" Challenge, July/ August.

Jencks Christopher and Kathryn Edin. 1990. "The real welfare problem". American Prospect, no. 1, spring.

Kim Y. H. 1993. The economic effects of the combined non-income-tested transfers for families with children: Child support assurance, children's allowance, and national health insurance. Ph.D. diss. University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Levitan Sar. 1990. Programs in aid of the poor. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Meiklejohn Nanine. 1995. Work and training opportunities for welfare recipients.

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