many, and not particularly accessible to research. However, reinforcement training brings this particular window into the house of science. As the philosopher Gergory Bateson said, "Operant conditioning is a method of communication with an alien species" ( Pryor, 1975). It is not merely a way of communicating our wishes to an animal, but a two-way system. It is, in fact, a game, rigorous in rules but admitting of spontaneity. We should not be misled by the effects of this sytem into thinking that dolphins are somehow more "intelligent" than they are, nor that all other animals are necessarily less. Instead we should perhaps give more serious attention to the possibilities of the training context as an investigative tool in the study of animal awareness and cognition.
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