Dolphin Cognition and Behavior: A Comparative Approach

By Ronald J. Schusterman; Jeanette A. Thomas et al. | Go to book overview

cently Richards (this volume) have shown that dolphins can exhibit vocal mimicry. Clearly there are whole classes of "higher mental processes" that animals share with humans. Table 12.1 contains a listing of behaviors that may indicate either higher learning abilities, or if you like "cognitive" abilities for selected species of mammals. Note that although vocal mimicry is not uncommon in birds, it is rare in mammals and curiously absent in infrahuman primates. The demonstration of vocal mimicry in the harbor seal ( Phoca vitulina) by Ralls Fiorelli , and Gish ( 1985) is nothing short of sensational. Wemmer and Mishra ( 1982) have offered an elegant example of intraspecific vocal mimicry from the Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus). These latter two examples do not necessarily indicate "higher mental processes" but they do indicate abilities heretofore unsuspected by ethologists.

Restricting myself to the class Mammalia I must admit to the following: Large, long-lived species with a low reproductive potential probably offer the best subjects for demonstrating "higher mental processes." They tend to have relatively large brains (for whatever that is worth) and seem to be less "hard wired" than their small-brained compatriots. If we could agree on a set of operational definitions we could very probably reach the goal that King Solomon achieved three thousand years before. He was so wise he could "speak also of beasts and of fowl and of creeping things and of fishes" (First Kings 4:33, as noted by Lorenz, 1952).


REFERENCES

Alexander R. D. ( 1974). "The evolution of social behavior". Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 5, 325-383.

Bertram B. C. ( 1983). Kin selection and altruism. In J. F. Eisenberg & D. G. Kleiman (Eds.), Advances in the study of mammalian behavior (pp. 721-737). Special Publication of the American Society of Mammalogists No. 7.

Darwin C. ( 1859). The origin of species. New York: The Modern Library. (Reprint)

Darwin C. ( 1872). The descent of man. New York: The Modern Library. (Reprint)

Descartes R. ( 1952). The meditations and selections from the principles (translated by J. Veitch). La Salle, IL: Open Court Publishing Company.

Eisenberg J. F. ( 1966). The social organizations of mammals. Handbuch der Zoologie, 8 Band, Lieferung39.

Eisenberg J. F. ( 1976). Communication and social integration in the black spider monkey, Ateles fusciceps robustus, and related species. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, No. 213, 108 pp.

Eisenberg J. F. ( 1981). The mammalian radiations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Gardner R. A., & Gardner B. T. ( 1969). Teaching sign language to a chimpanzee. Science, 165, 644-672.

Griffin D. R. ( 1981). The question of animal awareness. New York: Rockerfeller University Press.

Hamilton W. D. ( 1964). "The genetical evolution of social behavior. Parts I and II". Journal of Theoretical Biology, 7, 1-16, 17-52.

Jarvis J. ( 1981). Eusociality in a mammal: Cooperative breeding in naked mole rat colonies. Science, 212, 571-573.

-269-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Dolphin Cognition and Behavior: A Comparative Approach
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 394

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.