The Search for Quality Integrated Education: Policy and Research on Minority Students in School and College

By Meyer Weinberg | Go to book overview

were also interested in the deliberate failure of public institutions to carry out their legal obligations.

Bilingual education has thus far been inextricably involved with legislation and court decisions. The studies by Nieves, Steinberg, and Santiago clarify why this has been the case. Lacking the sustained pressure of community power, advocates of bilingual education sought through formal means what earlier generations had enacted through informal, local efforts. The self-interest of knowledgeable professionals proved a vital prod to promotion of bilingualism. Court orders on behalf of bilingualism were not self-enforcing. Indeed, in the Aspira case, school authorities flouted the order.

Classification of minority children as retarded has been a legal issue for more than a decade. Lopez Ramos, Richardson, and Casso traced the process whereby a seemingly technical question came to be viewed as a political question. (Not that it ever was a nonpolitical question.) As with bilingual education, the issue of classification bore most heavily on minority communities. This further guaranteed that governmental remedies would be sought. Larry P. is a textbook on the politics of selective enforcement by California state educational authorities. In light of this fact, to counsel minorities to foreswear courtroom approaches to equal education is to counsel despair.

The ability of organized black teachers and communities to protect their educational interests through concerted civic action such as voting is made clear in studies by Peterson, Cooper, and Freeman. Despite the potential in desegregation to reduce job opportunities for black teachers, Freeman's study especially shows how this possibility was largely avoided during 1950-1970.


Notes
1.
Sarah Nieves, A Sociolinguistic Critique of Bilingual Education Curricula and the Bilingual Education Act in Terms of Adequacy for the Puerto Rican Collectivity (doctoral diss., Columbia University, 1975), p. 105. (University Microfilms Order No. 75-18,690.)
2.
Ibid., p. 90.
3.
Lois S. Steinberg, The Bilingual Education Act and the Puerto Rican Community: The Role of a Network in the Implementation of Federal Legislation at the Local Level (doctoral diss., Fordham University, 1978), pp. 2-3.
4.
Basic data in ibid., p. 91.
5.
Ibid., p. 87.
6.
Ibid., p. 149.
7.
Ibid., p. 194.
8.
Ibid., p. 69.
9.
Ibid., p. 221.
10.
Ibid., p. 137.

-50-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Search for Quality Integrated Education: Policy and Research on Minority Students in School and College
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction xi
  • 1 - The Historical Background 1
  • Notes 20
  • 2 - The Legal Framework 23
  • Notes 50
  • 3 - Race And. Intelligence in America 54
  • Notes 85
  • 4 - Changing Discriminatory Educational Processes 94
  • Notes 109
  • 5 - Education in Black Schools 112
  • 6 - Intradistrict Inequalities 127
  • Notes 143
  • 7 - Desegregation and Academic Achievement 146
  • Notes 168
  • 8 - Moving from Desegregation to Integration 172
  • Notes 189
  • 9 - Mexican Americans and American Indians 194
  • Notes 226
  • 10 - The Minority Community and Its Schools 231
  • 11 - Minorities in Higher Education - I 270
  • Notes 290
  • 12 - Minorities in Higher Education--Ii 294
  • 13 - Conclusions 324
  • Bibliographical Essay 333
  • Index 343
  • About the Author 355
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 360

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.