As this statement makes clear, the aim of Brazilian international cooperation and participation is not to abandon Brazilian nationalism but to enhance it. Brazil's present leaders aim to play the international game and to come out ahead. Their course (like every other course) is risky and uncertain, and they could fail. Moreover, one may count the developmental model they have chosen as gravely flawed. But that is a different issue. Brazilian nationalism has not declined since 1964, and this fact is another reason to doubt the claim of expanding foreign control over the developmental model.

In sum: in the fifth facet of dependency, Brazil is less, not more, dependent on the international environment now than it was in 1964.


Summary and Conclusions

Summing up this survey of trends in Brazilian dependency since 1964, we may set our findings in tabular form:

Facet of DependencyTrend since 1964
Total magnitude of resources and
productive capacity
Less dependency
Degree of external penetration Mixed; in general more
dependency
Quality (structural features)
of external penetration
Mixed; in general less
dependency
Leaders' skill in using resources
and productive capacity
Less dependency
Degree of external influence
over developmental model
Less dependency

This analysis indicates that Brazil is clearly less dependent in three of the five facets, generally less dependent in one, and generally more dependent in one. These findings are much more uniform than was expected when the inquiry was begun. The biggest surprises were on the third and fifth facets of dependency. Much of the prevailing view has rested on the argument that trends in these areas were toward greater dependency. However, on these two, as on two others, if one truly applies the criteria advanced by writers on dependency, then the trends are clearly toward less rather than more national dependency.

Our analysis has concentrated on economic facets because they are intrinsically important and because they are the core of the argu-

-110-

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Brazil in the Seventies
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction 1
  • 1: BRAZIL'S CHANGING ROLE IN THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM: IMPLICATIONS FOR U.S. POLICY 9
  • 2: THE BRAZILIAN GROWTH and DEVELOPMENT EXPERIENCE: 1964-1975 41
  • Introduction 41
  • Conclusion 86
  • 4: TRENDS IN BRAZILIAN NATIONAL DEPENDENCY SINCE 1964 89
  • Summary and Conclusions 110
  • CONTRIBUTORS 117
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