The Arthurian Legend in the Literatures of the Spanish Peninsula

By William J. Entwistle | Go to book overview

XI
THE ARTHURIAN NOVELS IN CASTILE AND PORTUGAL: "LANCELOT"1

THE poets of the Cancionero de Baena frequently bracket Lancelot, Tristan and Amadis as types of

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MANUSCIPTS: D. Pedro de Barcellos, Nobiliario, titulo ii., Torre do Tombo, Lisbon, 16th century; Cronica General de 1404, Vindel MS., Portuguese and Castilian, fifteenth century; Lanzarote do Lago, Bibl. Nac., Madrid, No. 9611 = Aa 103, paper, sixteenth century, 355 fols., 1 col., 3315 × 215 mm. (fol. 3Lr: " Aqui comiença el libro Segundo de Don Lançarote de lago"; fol. 277r: "Aqui se acaba el segundo libro de Lançarote"; fol. 355v: "Aqui se acaua el segundo y tercero libro de don lancarote de lago y a se de comenzar el libro de don tristan y acabose en miercoles veinte y quatro dias del octubre año del nascimiento de nuestro saluador Jhuxp + ̃o de mill e quatroçientos y catorze años. finis."); Historia do Leonel, Galvan y Lanceloto, en portugués. MS. en pergamino; no tiene principio (Caj. L., núm.,3, Library of the Conde-Duque de San Lúcar in the Convento del Angel, Seville; cited by Gallardo, Ensayo, iv. col. 1506).

EARLY EDITIONS: El libro de Galaz, fragment, in Demanda del Sancto Grial, capp. 373-90; Lanzarote, en castellano, 1528 (?) ( Clemencin , Don Quijote, iii. p. 457, notas); Artus, 1501 (?).

REPRINTS: Portugalliæ Monumenta Historica.--Scriptores, i., ed. Herculano, Lisbon, 1860 ( Nobiliario); R. Menéndez Pidal, La Crónica Generat de 1404, in Revista de Archivos, 1903; Bonilla, Leyendas do Wagner, Appendix (1, fols. 119r-121V: Lancelot at the tomb of King Galahad; 2. fols. 261r-266v: Gawain and the Broken Sword; 3, fols. 281r-285v: Gawain at Corbenic;--from MS. 9611); O. Klob, in Zeisschrift für rom. Phil., xxvi. (fol. 105r: Lancelot at Gorre; fol. 310v: Lancelot and Pelles' daughter). Fols. 352-5 are reprinted in Revista de Filología Española, xi. ( 1924). A collation with the Vulgate has been promised by Bonilla. and an edition by E. de Laiglesia.

CRITICISM: Varnhagen, Cancioneirinho de trovas antigas; H. O. Sommer , in Romania, xxxvi.; O. Klob, in Zeitschrift für rom. Phil., xxvi. p. 191. I also use my own summary of the MS. 9611, and transcript of fols. 871-911; which has recently been described by P. Bohigas Balaguer , El Lanzarote español del manuscrito 9611 de la Biblioteca Nacional, in Revista do Filología Española, xi. ( 1924), pp. 282-97. Cf. also Menéndez y Pelayo, Antologia, xii. pp. 473-6; E. de Laiglesia, "Tras hijuelos habia el rey", in Revista Critica Hispano-Americana, iii. pp. 3-56; and my "Adventure of the Cerf au Pied Blanc," in Modern Language Review, xviii. ( 1923) pp. 436-48, and works there cited.

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