New Immigrant Literatures in the United States: A Sourcebook to Our Multicultural Literary Heritage

By Alpana Sharma Knippling | Go to book overview

the timbers of the house she helped build, that house haunted by the earth beneath it; earth heaving in waves that moved and groaned and foamed up boulders. (292)

Schoonover's sense of the earth as alive, wild, in motion implies that a relationship with the land is possible and necessary. It will not be ignored or unknown. Earth is a unifier; Minnesota is not Finland, but it is of the same earth, requiring the respect and care she and her people have always shown and providing the same sustaining elements of sauna, food, water, and farm. The evocation of land and wilderness scenes and themes in Finnish-American literature reflects a value found in acknowledging and celebrating the relationship between the land and the human community.

This central place of nature in the literary mind is a reflection of an attitude toward the environment within the Finnish-American community at large. Work by Arnold Alanen, University of Wisconsin-Madison, documents the integration of environmental concerns and ethics with wise and prudent twentieth-century resource management by Finnish Americans. Valuation of land and wildness within the literature encourages Finnish Americans to value nature in their politics, economics, and cultural environment. "Reclaiming the land" is a commitment to both environmental ideology and ethnic heritage and identity. Finnish-American literature captures ways in which the relationship of nature and the human community is important and how that relationship contributes to a sense of identity with the land, important to the immigrant, and a corresponding identity with the national culture, the American culture.


SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY

Gray Rockwell. "The Nature Essay." Essays on the Essay: Redefining the Genre. Ed. Alexander J. Butrym. Athens:University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Jarvenpaa Aili, and Michael G. Karni, eds. Sampo: The Magic Mill. A Collection of Finnish-American Writing. Minneapolis: New Rivers Press, 1989.

Lopez Barry. Arctic Dreams: Desire and Imagination in a Northern Landscape. New York: Scribners, 1986.

Schoonover Shirley Waisanen. A Season of Hard Desires. Rpt. in Finnish Americana: A Journal of Finnish American History and Culture 3 ( 1980): 1-2.


INFORMATION SOURCES

Finlandia Foundation, P.O. Box 2590, Grand Central Station, New York, NY 10163. FinnFest USA, c/o Ray Lescelius, President. 412 Huntington Lane, Elmhurst, IL 60126. Finnish American Literary Heritage Foundation, P.O. Box 1838, Portland, OR 97207. North Star Press of St. Cloud, Inc., P.O. Box 451, St. Cloud, MN, 56302, has published a number of Finnish-American texts, including poetry collections by Aili Jarvenpaa and Jim Johnson, autobiographical works, and fiction.

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New Immigrant Literatures in the United States: A Sourcebook to Our Multicultural Literary Heritage
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Works Cited xix
  • I - Asian-American Literatures 1
  • 1 - Arab-American Literature 3
  • Conclusion 15
  • Notes 15
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 16
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 17
  • 2 - Armenian-American Literature Khachig Tololyan 19
  • Conclusion 37
  • Notes 39
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 40
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 41
  • 3 - Chinese-American Literature 43
  • Introduction 43
  • Notes 62
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 62
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 63
  • 4 - Filipino American Literature Nerissa Balce-Cortes and Jean Vengua Gier 67
  • Conclusion 84
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 86
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 87
  • 5 - Indian-American Literature 91
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 105
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 107
  • 6 - Iranian-American Literature Nasrin Rahimieh 109
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 122
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 123
  • 7 - Japanese-American Literature Benzi Zhang 125
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 140
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 141
  • 8 - Korean-American Literature 143
  • Conclusion 151
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 152
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 154
  • 9 - Pakistani-American Literature Sunil Sharma 159
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 164
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 167
  • II - Caribbean-American Literatures 169
  • 10 - Anglophone Caribbean-American Literature 171
  • 11 - Cuban-American Literature 187
  • Conclusion 203
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 204
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 205
  • 12 - Dominican-American Literature 207
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 216
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 218
  • 13 - Puerto Rican-American Literature Carrie Tirado Bramen 221
  • Conclusion 234
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 234
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 237
  • III - European-American Literatures 241
  • 14 - Finnish-American Literature 243
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 251
  • 15 - Greek-American Literature 253
  • Conclusion 259
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 259
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 261
  • 16 - Irish-American Literature 265
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 276
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 279
  • 17 - Italian/American Literature 281
  • Conclusion 287
  • Notes 290
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 291
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 292
  • 18 - Jewish-American Literature 295
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 305
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 307
  • 19 - Sephardic Jewish-American Literature 309
  • Introduction 309
  • Conclusion 313
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 314
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 316
  • 20 - Polish-American Literature 319
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 326
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 327
  • 21 - Slovak-American and Czech-American Literature 329
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 337
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 338
  • IV Mexican-American Literatures 339
  • 22 - Mexican-American Literature Ada Savin 341
  • Conclusion 357
  • Notes 359
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 360
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 362
  • Selected Bibliography 367
  • Index 371
  • About the Contributors 383
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