Gamaliel Bailey's description of abolitionists as a "steadfast minority" was an appropriate label for nineteenth-century antislavery reformers. Bailey, himself an abolitionist, joined his colleagues to condemn slavery. Although abolitionists were a minority, they were articulate speech-makers and editors who were determined to do away with slavery. They were a vociferous and talented group of reformers. Abolitionists created the doctrine of antislavery law , and called on Lawyers sympathetic to their cause to argue their doctrine in court. They achieved the automatic emancipation of African Americans brought into Ohio by consenting slave holders. Ohio also faced the growing problem of kidnapping, and free African Americans were not safe. Federal fugitive slave legislation enabled professional slave catchers to chase runaway slaves to free states. Unscrupulous as they were, slave catchers sometimes apprehended and removed free blacks. Consequently, in order to protect free African-American residents, some states adopted personal liberty laws. Ohio did not adopt personal liberty laws per se. Nonetheless, the state legislature adopted laws against kidnapping. The following documents demonstrate how whites handled the problem of kidnapping in Ohio. These documents, along with other state statutes, suggests that whites were more concerned about violations of their free laws than they were about the legal rights of free blacks.