Ohio v. Carneal ( 1817) in Ervin H. Pollack, ed., Ohio Unreported Judicial Decisions Prior to 1823 (n. d.). Thomas Carneal held a black in bondage in Ohio in violation of state law. Although the court did not approve of slavery, it initially believed that comity protected a master's claim. The court, however, freed the slave on a technicality found in Carneal's title.
In re Jacob Kounts (1817) in Pollack, Ohio Unreported Decisions A Virginia master held blacks in bondage in violation of Ohio law. An Ohio court rejected his claim that they were merely in transit to a slave jurisdiction. Although freed by Ohio law, the slave owner managed to return the slaves to Virginia where a court confirmed their status as slaves.
Gray v. Ohio, 4 Ohio 353 ( 1831) A jury convicted Polly Gray of murder on the testimony of a mulatto witness. Attorneys for Gray complained that Ohio law barred the testimony of a black against a white. On appeal, the state supreme court reversed the conviction, concluding that "the witness was improperly admitted. The statute compels courts of justice to reject black and mulatto witnesses, where a white person is a party."
Tom v. Daily, 4 Ohio 368 ( 1831) Thomas Daily purchased his sister Kate from a Kentucky slave holder, claiming that he made the purchase only to free her from slavery. Later, when Kate gave birth to a son, her brother Thomas betrayed her, and sold his nephew to Joseph Desha. Kate shielded the boy by sending him to Ohio for