Taxation and Enumeration
Blacks did not benefit from welfare programs administered by Indiana. The state counted only poor whites when determining appropriations for charity or apportioning representatives to the assembly. Unlike the federal Constitution which considered African Americans in terms of a ratio, three-fifths of free persons, Indiana law exempted blacks from such enumeration. The state also exempted blacks from paying taxes to fund social programs. Consequently, the state conducted its policy of social engineering as if black people did not reside in Indiana. As these documents suggest, philanthropic organizations provide welfare to aid the black poor. Later, the legislature provided state funds to assist those associations. In spite of these initiatives, African Americans remained outside of the mainstream in Indiana society well into the twentieth century.
An act to provide for taking the enumeration of the white male inhabitants, above the age of twenty-one years, in this state. Approved February 7, 1840, General laws of Indiana, ( 1839).
Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Indiana, That on or before the twenty-fifth day of November next, it shall be the duty of each and every clerk of the circuit court, within and for their respective counties, under the seal of their said courts, to certify to the Secretary of State, the whole number of white male paupers, and insane persons, and persons exempt from a poll tax, who are not certified to the Auditor of Public Accounts, that belong to, or are inhabitants of their several counties, together