Whites in the Old Northwest considered persons of African descent inferior and incapable of living peaceably among them. In lieu of slavery, which to many Northern whites was morally wrong, they proposed resettlement of the black population. Even in Indiana, where many whites had a strong interest in slavery, a large number of them favored colonization. Whites were less concerned with the destination of resettled blacks than they were with their removal, which they hoped would diminish the immigration of black refugees from the South. Colonization societies sprang up in the state, and the legislature appropriated funds to implement the scheme. By 1865, however, the whites recognized that colonization was impractical. Unscrupulous agents obtained salaries from the state but provided little service. It is not surprising that the state supported policies to expatriate blacks virtually disappeared after the Civil War.
Colonization. Senate Journal, ( 1829- 1830).
The colonization of free blacks, dispersed through our country in the native land of their fathers, is passing the ordeal of philanthropic reflection, and gradually rising to public view, under the patronage of the American Colonization Society. No period in the annals of our history, would be hailed with more universal acclamation, than that one, which shall accomplish the return of these long degraded and unhappy members of the human family, to the country in which their God has placed them; from which they have been oppressively torn by the hand of tyranny, to gratify the most sacrilegious