U.S. ex re. Garland v. Morris, 26 Federal Cases 1318 ( 2 American Law
Register 348) ( 1854)
A Missouri citizen obtained a warrant for the capture of Joshua Glover, an alleged slave. A federal marshall arrested Glover and jailed him in Milwaukee. City officials brought charges against the claimant for assault and battery. Meanwhile, a mob rescued Glover. The court condemned the rescue and ordered the release of the man who participated in the capture of Glover.
U.S. v. Rycraft, 27 Federal cases 918 ( 1854)
A federal district court convicted John Rycraft for rescuing a slave in violation of federal law. A slave catcher had apprehended a runaway slave, observed guidelines in the 1850 fugitive slave law, and, after receiving a certificate attempted to carry the slave out of town. Rycraft and his abolitionist colleagues rescued the alleged slave.
In re Booth, 3 Wisconsin1, ( 1854)
Booth, who had allegedly harbored a runaway slave, brought action against Ableman, a U.S. Marshall, who illegally detained him. Booth also questioned the power of a justice of the peace to act in cases involving runaway slaves, and his attorneys argued that the 1850 fugitive slave law was unconstitutional. The state court declared the act of Congress void. "First, because it attempts to confer judicial power; and second, because it is a denial of the right of the fugitive to have those questions decided by a jury."
Ex parte Booth, 3 Wisconsin145 ( 1854)
This case also involved Ableman who had continued to detain Booth under a warrant issued by a federal judge. The court reasoned that the case was