Legislatures must examine whether special legislation is needed to deal with the criminal liability of physicians and other health care professionals. The reformulation of the standards for criminal liability is a way of establishing the social function of medicine . . . [when we] . . . move to an institutional approach, we can highlight issues that are clearly germane. . . . The challenge is to develop a structure that encourages caring. . . . We need to focus on the capacity for caring, rather than on 'preserving life' or 'death with dignity,' as the ultimate test of the social fabric.
Larry I. Palmer, Law, Medicine, and Social Justice ( Louisville, KY: Westminister/ John Knox Press, 1989), 107.