This book was harder to write than I would have believed possible when I started, because it speaks to issues of responsibility and the caring that is associated with responsibilities. It was written at a time when both care and responsibility bore heavy weight for me. In acknowledgment of the caring that has been shown me as the book progressed, there are a few special people and institutions that I need to thank.
First, I would like to thank the Spencer Foundation for taking a chance on me by supporting some of the research that underlies this book. The National Alliance of Business, and in particular, Sandra Byrne, project director, also provided support and access to their "Compact Cities." This data proved a useful source of information. To all of those who sat through lengthy telephone interviews or squired me around during site visits, too numerous to recall without leaving out key people, so names best go unmentioned, I also thank you. And to Boston College's Carroll School of Management, which granted a sabbatical leave so the book could be written, also gratitude.
There are always significant people who show that they care when it matters in projects such as this one. Some read early drafts or proposals, others helped push ideas along, still others simply provided general support. While mentioning everyone is impossible, there are a few people that I want to single out for thanks, in particular: Laurie Pant of Suffolk University, who helped me struggle through some of these ideas and made suggestions that pushed me unwillingly toward a far clearer statement of what I meant to say. Jack Neuhauser, dean of Boston College, tried to teach