process and deal with significant content issues as well, since they would force an evaluation of what gets taught along with how it is taught.
Many proposals for restructuring curriculum and pedagogy focus on what happens inside the school, assuming that the pressures that come from outside can be safely ignored. There is, of course, some evidence from the work of Comer and Sizer that good schools can be created even under the most difficult circumstances. 16 But without significant support and change in the operating policies and ways in which schools relate to external constituencies, success requires heroes of the sort represented by Jaime Escalante of Stand and Deliver fame. Since most people are not heroes, it would arguably be more prudent to create a system and a structure for schools that can work effectively whatever the external circumstances. This approach would mean that every school's structure would look different but could potentially be adapted to the needs of the local community. When external forces are understood, the possibilities for structuring will become more apparent since it is likely that principles for their reorganizing can be found.