Gorbachev's Retreat: The Third World

By Melvin A. Goodman | Go to book overview

NOTES
1.
See "The Soviet Economy Stumbles Badly in 1989," Central Intelligence Agency paper presented to the Technology and National Security Subcommittee of the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States.
4.
L. D. Trotsky, The Revolution Betrayed, London: New Park Publishers, 1967, p. 222 (first published in 1936).
5.
The Washington Post, August 19,1990, p. C4, "The Soviet Military's Recruitment Nightmare," by Murray Feshbach.
6.
Pravda, August 18, 1990, p. 3.
7.
Western military writings have tended to exaggerate the importance of power projection to Soviet military planning. See writings of Michael MccGwire, particularly Military Objectives in Soviet Foreign Policy, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1987, and John Hines, Phillip Petersen, and Notra Trulock III, particularly their "Soviet Military Theory from 1945-2000: Implications for NATO," The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 4, Fall 1986, pp. 122-129.
8.
London Times, April 16, 1990, p. 4, "Russians Likely to Scrap 100 Warships, MoD Says," by Michael Evans.
9.
Peter Grier, "Middle East: Laying the Ground Work," Military Logistics Forum, September 1987, p. 21.
10.
Jeffrey Record, The Rapid Deployment Force and U.S. Military Intervention in the Persian Gulf, Cambridge, MA: Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, 1981, p. 58.
11.
Soviet Military Power: Prospects for Change, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989, pp. 113-117.
12.
The Washington Post, May 27, 1990, p. 23, "Soviets Plan to Review Military Aid."
13.
In March 1990, Izvestia published the first detailed breakdown of debts owed to the Soviet Union: Cuba ($24 billion), Vietnam ($15 billion), Mongolia ($15 billion), India ($14 billion), Syria ($10 billion), Iraq ($6 billion), Afghanistan ($5 billion), and Algeria ($4 billion).
14.
The New York Times, March 6, 1990, p. 1, "Arabs Fear End of Cold War Means a Loss of Aid and Allies," by Youssef M. Ibrahim.
15.
Joseph Whelan, The Soviet Union in the Third World, 1980-1982: An Imperial Burden or Political Asset, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984, pp. 295-296.
16.
Izvestia, March 2, 1990, p. 3, "Unique Document: Who Owes Us 85.5 Billion Rubles." The article was addressed to Premier N. I. Ryzhkov, Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers.
17.
The Washington Post, July 25, 1990, p. 15, "Gorbachev Sets Review of Foreign Aid."
18.
The New York Times, June 9, 1989, p. 3, "Radical Plan to Balance Soviet Budget," by Bill Keller.
20.
TASS, March 27, 1990, Shevardnadze press conference in Lagos, Nigeria.

-186-

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Gorbachev's Retreat: The Third World
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Note xi
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 8
  • 1 - Soviet Policy and the Third World 11
  • Notes 26
  • 2 - Decision Making Under Gorbachev 29
  • Notes 47
  • 3 - Afghanistan 51
  • Notes 69
  • 4: Limits to Power 73
  • 5 - The Regional Implications of Gorbachev's New Political Thinking"" 97
  • Notes 121
  • 6 - Soviet Power Projection and Crisis Management Under Gorbachev 125
  • Notes 141
  • 7 - Soviet Military and Economic Aid 145
  • Notes 164
  • 8 - Soviet Retreat in the 1990s 169
  • Notes 186
  • Bibliographic Essay 189
  • Index 195
  • About the Author 207
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