The Rainbow Division in the Great War, 1917-1919

By James J. Cooke | Go to book overview

that Baccarat sector had to be shifted as rapidly as possible to stem the German tide. There would be no more training, and the Rainbows would not leave the line for anything but a little rest and refitting until the end of the war.


NOTES
1.
A. Churchill Ettinger, (ed.), A Doughboy with the Fighting 69th (Shippensburg, PA: White Main Publishing, 1992), 58-59.
2.
Martin J. Hogan, The Shamrock Battalion of the Rainbow: A Story of the Fighting 69th ( New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1919), 59-60.
3.
John B. Hayes, Heroes Among the Brave (Loachapoka, Ala.: Lee County Historical Society, 1973), 12.
4.
Lawrence Stewart, Rainbow Bright ( Philadelphia: Dorrance, 1923), 45.
5.
Douglas MacArthur, Reminiscences ( New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964), 54.
6.
Leslie Langille, Men of the Rainbow ( Chicago: O'Sullivan Co., 1933), 58-59.
7.
Charles MacArthur, War Bugs ( Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran and Co., 1929), 26-28.
8.
Walter B. Wolf, Brief Story of the Rainbow Division ( New York: Rand McNally Co., 1919), 11.
9.
Notes provided by Joseph O. Romano, Jr., Birmingham, Alabama, based on his conversations with his father, Corporal Joseph O. Romano, 167th Infantry (hereinafter, Romano Notes).
10.
William B. Amerine, Alabama's Own in France ( New York: Eaton and Gettinger, 1919), 93-94.
11.
AEF GHQ (Coordination Division) to Commanding General I Corps, 12 February 1918, in National Archives, Washington, D.C., Records Group 120 Records of the AEF, 42nd Division, carton 1 (hereinafter, RG120).
12.
Peter H. Ottosen, Trench Artillery AEF ( Boston: Lothrop, Lee, and Shepard, 1931), 97-100. By the end of the war, the Trench Mortarmen had their own special specialty insignia--a three-inch winged bomb, named by the mortarmen a "pig."
13.
Memorandum from G4, AEF GHQ to Chief, French Mission to the AEF, 12 February 1918, in RG120, Carton 1.
14.
John J. Pershing, My Experiences in the World War, Vol. 1 ( New York: Frederick A. Stokes Co., 1931), 349.
15.
Ibid., 259.
16.
There are differences of opinion among scholars about how much Menoher commanded and how much MacArthur actually did. Menoher was an artillery officer with little experience with infantry, but he learned quickly, and from the documents it is clear that he commanded with MacArthur as his energetic chief of staff. See D. Clayton James , The Years of MacArthur, 1880-1941 ( Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1970), 166-67.
17.
MacArthur, Reminiscences, 53. The document that set up the staff was General Order No. 8, HQ, 42nd Division, 23 February 1918, in RG120, carton 3.
18.
Letter from Ogden to his wife, np, 21 February 1918, in Ogden Letters, in U.S. Army Military History Institute Archives, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, 42nd Division AEF Collection (hereinafter, MHIA).
19.
Ibid.

-71-

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The Rainbow Division in the Great War, 1917-1919
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Maps ix
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • INTRODUCTION BIRTH OF THE RAINBOW 1
  • 1 - From Camp Mills to France 7
  • Notes 24
  • 2 - Training for the Fight: Rolampont 29
  • Notes 48
  • 3 - In the Trenches at Lunéville 53
  • Notes 71
  • 4 - From Baccarat to Champagne 75
  • Notes 94
  • From Champagne to the Marne 97
  • Notes 113
  • 6 - Crossing the Ourcq River 117
  • Notes 135
  • 7 - The St. Mihiel Offensive 139
  • Notes 159
  • 8 - The Meuse-Argonne Campaign 163
  • Notes 182
  • 9 - From Sedan to Belgium and Luxembourg 187
  • Notes 205
  • 10 - Rainbow on the Rhine 209
  • Notes 228
  • 11 - The End of the Rainbow 233
  • Notes 245
  • APPENDIX A ORGANIZATION OF THE 42ND DIVISION, 1917 247
  • APPENDIX B EQUIPMENT TAKEN INTO TRENCHES, FEBRUARY 1918 251
  • Bibliography 253
  • Index 261
  • About the Author 272
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