From Vietnam to El Salvador: The Saga of the FMLN Sappers and Other Guerrilla Special Forces in Latin America

By David E. Spencer | Go to book overview

quickly bandaged himself and moved forward. At this point he could have gone into the brigade Tactical Operations Center (TOC). After the December 1983 attack, the TOC had been rebuilt to withstand explosive entry for a short period of time. Between Fronius and the GOE was the TOC and a berm that could be crossed by a staircase. On the other side of the berm was the officers' quarters and the soccer field. One of the first FES targets had been the officers' quarters. The FES had successfully attacked this area, and most of those officers that had not been killed or wounded had fled in disarray into the TOC. Fronius began to climb the stairs but was knocked down by an explosion that caused him to roll down the stairs. When he came to rest at the bottom of the stairs he saw an FES team coming over the berm. The FES fired M-16s at Fronius and he fired back with his CAR-15. Fronius was hit several times, but also managed to hit several of his attackers, killing at least one and maybe two. Some Salvadoran soldiers tried to rescue him, but he waved them off. Finally, he was wounded so badly that he could no longer fire. At this point the FES, angered by his stubborn defense, came down the staircase and placed an 800-gram charge under his body. The explosion killed him, ripping his body apart. 18

By the time Fronius was killed, the officers in the TOC had been able to reorganize themselves and take charge of the survivors of the camp. By 5:30 A.M. the guerrillas withdrew to the hills surrounding the base. By that time gunships were in the air firing on suspected enemy positions outside the base and heliborne relief forces were in the air. When they air-assaulted onto the base they saw a grim scene. The entire compound was in flames with nearly every vital structure either completely destroyed or heavily damaged. Over 120 soldiers had been killed, and several more were missing. The FES had lost only seven dead. 19


NOTES
1.
Report on the Status of the Final Offensive from Alejandro to Jovel, dated January 14, 1981. Typed manuscript captured by Salvadoran army at an unknown date.
2.
Alfredo Semprun and Mauricio Hernandez, "Sandinismo: La otra cara de ETA," Blanco y Negro ( January 5, 1992), p. 16.
3.
Interrogation Transcript of SSG April 4, 1982; and Guardia Nacional, Investigation Report of the Circumstances Surrounding the Downing of the Bridge, October 1981.
4.
FPL, Revista Farabundo Marti: El Pueblo Salvadoreño en su Lucha, No. 8 ( Managua, Nicaragua, 1981), pp. 4-5.
5.
The account of the first destruction of the 4th Brigade base is based on information from the interrogation transcripts of JFR, RJH, RAR, and TA.
6.
Max G. Manwaring and Court Prisk, El Salvador at War: An Oral History ( Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1988).

-75-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
From Vietnam to El Salvador: The Saga of the FMLN Sappers and Other Guerrilla Special Forces in Latin America
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acronyms vii
  • Introduction ix
  • Chapter I Guerrilla Special Forces of El Salvador: the Fpl, Vietnam, and Cuba 1
  • Chapter 2 Fmln Special Forces Techniques 17
  • Notes 46
  • Chapter 3 Fpl Special Forces Operations 47
  • Notes 75
  • Chapter 4 Erp Operations 77
  • Notes 106
  • Chapter 5 Special Forces of the Fal 109
  • Notes 125
  • Chapter 6 Guerrilla Special Forces in Latin America 127
  • Notes 144
  • Chapter 7 Conclusions and Analysis 147
  • Bibliography 163
  • Index 167
  • About the Author 171
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 174

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.