mostly the men in these barracks. In addition, the Cuscatlan battalion and
Arce battalion installations suffered some damage. The FES lost approximately five men inside the base. Most of these men were killed by remaining
too close to their own explosives after they had been thrown. It is unknown
how many killed and wounded were suffered by the support force.
The army claimed that it won the battle because it had prevented the
guerrillas from overrunning the base, as had occurred at the 4th Brigade
base at El Paraiso. However, this was not the FMLN objective. The guerrillas considered the attack a total success because, after this attack, the
army pulled back its troops from Morazan to rebuild and reorganize in San Miguel.
15 The pressure was off the guerrillas in Morazan, and they
could now rest and recover. This objective had been achieved at a very low
cost to the attacking guerrilla force, and had inflicted a considerable
amount of damage on the enemy.
Alfredo Semprun and
Mauricio Hernandez, "Sandinismo: La otra cara de
ETA," Blanco y Negro ( January 5, 1992), pp. 14-18.
ERP, Informe a Alcatraz, 1981.
Interrogation Transcript of Alejandro Montenegro, who defected from the FMLN in 1983. Montenegro's name can be revealed because he made several public
statements concerning his activity in the ERP after his capture.
This account is based largely on: Capitan Francisco Emilio Mena Sandoval, Del Ejercito Nacional al Ejercito Guerrillero ( San Salvador: Ediciones Arcoiris, 1992), pp. 307-319; Carlos Henriquez Consalvi ( Santiago), La Terquedad del Izote
( Mexico: Editorial Diana, 1992), pp. 187-191; and Jose Ignacio Lopez Vigil, Las
Mil y Una Historias de Radio Venceremos ( San Salvador: UCA Editores, 1992),
Max G. Manwaring and
Court Prisk, El Salvador at War: An Oral History
( Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1988), p. 148.
Hernandez, "Sandinismo," pp. 14-18.
Account based on the Interrogation Transcript of JFR, August 24, 1986;
Interrogation Transcript of RAC, May 12, 1987; and on the technical drawings
and instructions of the bridge and how the explosives were to be placed, which
were later captured by the armed forces.
FPL-FMLN, Experiences of the Conduct of Anti-Aircraft Defense.
Greg Walker, "Sapper Attack!", Behind the Lines ( July/August 1993), p. 9.
See also Greg Walker, "Blue Badges of Honor," Soldier of Fortune ( February 1992),
Armed Forces of El Salvador, Activities in Which Terrorist Special Forces
Have Participated, March 1990.
The reporting of explosives strapped to bodies, and the interpretation of this
as being for suicide missions may just be a bit of government propaganda or a sign
of prejudiced interpretation.
ERP, Mission for Team 2 of Platoon 2, handwritten order on lined notebook
paper, captured by the armed forces in Morazan on March 31, 1986.